Occurred in Italy.
See artist and books - notes.
A struggle btwn the pope and Fr king which led to the election of a Fr pope who set up his leadership in Avignon, Fr.
English crown lay claim to the duchy of Aquitaine in Fr.
Bubonic plague carried by fleas on Asian black rats and brought to Europe on ships returning from Asia (SW China - Mongol caravan)
1) Further conflict of Babyl. Captivity
2) Further hurt prestige of Church
Revolts crushed and end of serfdom in England.
Ended the Great Schism
Ended the three pope controversy by electing Pope Martin V.
Ottoman emp. takes Constantinople.
War btwn two nobel families, house of york and lancaster, to gai crown.
Yorkists won -> Tudor Dynasty
Consolidated power and created the foundation for Europe's first modern nation-states in Fr, Engl., and Spain.
Nailed on public place: church door.