European History Timeline

Main

1300: Rise of Italian City States

1300

1300-1600: Renaissance

1300 - 1600

Occurred in Italy.
See artist and books - notes.

1309: Babylonian Captivity

1309 - 1377

A struggle btwn the pope and Fr king which led to the election of a Fr pope who set up his leadership in Avignon, Fr.

1337-1453: Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

English crown lay claim to the duchy of Aquitaine in Fr.

1347: Black Death

1347

Bubonic plague carried by fleas on Asian black rats and brought to Europe on ships returning from Asia (SW China - Mongol caravan)

1377-1415: The Great Schism

1377 - 1415

1) Further conflict of Babyl. Captivity
2) Further hurt prestige of Church

1381: English Peasant Revolt

1381

Revolts crushed and end of serfdom in England.

1409-1418: Conciliar Movement

1409 - 1418

Ended the Great Schism

1414-1418: Council of Constance

1414 - 1418

Ended the three pope controversy by electing Pope Martin V.

1453: End of the Byzantine Empire

1453

Ottoman emp. takes Constantinople.

1455-1477: War of the Roses

1455 - 1477

War btwn two nobel families, house of york and lancaster, to gai crown.
Yorkists won -> Tudor Dynasty

1460-1520: "New Monarchs"

1460 - 1520

Consolidated power and created the foundation for Europe's first modern nation-states in Fr, Engl., and Spain.

Oct. 31, 1517: Martin Luther's 95 Theses

1517

Nailed on public place: church door.