A need for elementary education was decreed in Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1st public high school in Boston
Horace Mann endeavored to broaden public education and established the Board of Education. Mann believed public schools were a way to improve and equalize education where "all" children should learn together.
Mr. Ward argued for an education for " all" members of society for individual betterment, equilization of men's position in a democratic society, and social progress.
As a president of Harvard University, he was a proponent of education as a means to improve society and collaborated with academicians to reorganize their education views that emphasized plurality and autonomy of academic discipline. He sought to standardize high school curriculum preparing "all" students equally for college.
The "Committee of 10," including Harris and Elliott , created by the NEA recommended a standardized high school curriculum:4 years English,History, Math, Foreign Language, and Science, so "all" children would have equal access to an excellent education.
Fought against learner centered , social efficienc, and social reconstruction to ensure "all" students are provided with the best education possible with a common language of cultural knowledge.
Advocated for teaching equal academic content for "all," independent of race and proposed "The talented tenth of the Negro race must be made leaders."
During World War II with the Russian launching of Sputnik, the President and Congress authorized and funded the UICSM Mathematics national Science Foundation and others to develop new curriculum in the basic subjects for elementary and secondary schools to increase academic achievement. New curriculum integrated both content and ways of thinking.
The article published by NCEE published an article highlighting American children's education achievement has declined and was was behind many other nations. A recommendation was made,once again, that "all" children are entitled to an excellent education and high school diploma requirements would be strengthened.
Author of best seller "Cultural Literacy," continued the Social Academic ideaology with the creation of Core Knowledge Curriculum.
Established that states implement educational standards addressing national criteria tied to federal funding
States begin adopting the national CC standards that set the expectations for student knowledge and skills that high school graduates need to master to succeed in college and careers.