Judaism began around 1900 BCE. The Jews agree with the Old Testament of the bible, but not the new. It is one of the oldest religions, and is similar to Christianity.
Islam began in 622. Islamic people are monotheistic. A person who follows Islam is a Muslim. Muhammad, the person who started Islam, would repeatedly go to a cave, and once he claimed to have talked to the angel Gabriel.
Christianity began about 2000 years ago. Christians believe that Jesus, is and was the son of god, was born of the Virgin Mary, died on the cross for our sins, and rose from the dead etc. Christianity has a similar history to the religion Judaism up until the time of Jesus.
According to archaeologists, the wheel was INVENTED around 8,000 B.C. But, the oldest wheel known was discovered in Mesopotamia and probably dates back to 3,500 B.C.
Cuneiform appeared around 3500 BC. Pictures, or pictograms, represented objects or ideas. The invention allowed news to be carried faraway without having to rely on memory. In Mesopotamia, developed as a record-keeping. oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/ED/TRC/MESO/writing.html
Hammurabi was the king of Babylon. Hammurabi made a Code made of 282 laws somewhere around 1772 BC . They were written on a stone pillar.
Around 4000 BC, the Egyptians invented eye makeup. It was worn by both men and women. The formula of the eye makeup softened the skin and prevented it from burning.
The papyrus paper was invented by the Egyptians. It was found near the Nile river. The used the papyrus paper because it was light and durable.
The ancient Egyptian invented door locks. They were created around 4000 B.C. There was a hollowed-out bolt in the door which was connected to pins that could be controlled by inserting a key. When the key pushed up on the pins, they slipped away from the bolt shaft, allowing the door to be opened.
According to a legend, Romulus and Remus were raised and suckled by wolves. When they grew up, Romulus killed Remus and names city after himself. Romulus then becomes the first king.
In 264 BCE, Hannibal, used elephants in war against the Romans. They were very useful in battle because they could charge up to 25 kilometerss per hour. Then they had difficulty stopping once they reached that speed, and often crushed enemys. Elephants were also very difficult to kill with their tough skin.
The Romans were excellent fighters on land, but fighing on water was a whole other story. But they had to do it occasionally, so they invented a Corvus in 260 BC to make things easier. A Corvus is a plank they would attach to an enemy ship, and use to go on to the other ship and attack.
During the dark ages, all the old major settlements were abandoned. The population also dropped dramatically. The Greek people lived in small groups and moved all the time.
The first Olympics were held in 776 BC. They were used for athletic contests to honor Zeus, and to help settle civil wars. Three months before and after the games, a truce would be held against the opponent.
The goddess Aphrodite is known as the Greek Goddess of love. It is said that around 7 BC she was born and rose on a large shell, which then carried her to land. She is known as the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Aphrodite was forced to marry the hideous god Hephaestus. But she later married Ares, the god of war.