Used Hegel's dialectic method. Dated the New Testament documents to later dates, in the second century.
"Mythological" explanations for Christianity. Figure in First Quest.
Worked with Lightfoot and Hort. Compiled Greek New Testament with Hort.
Pushed back against Baur's dating method, and was able to achieve a much earlier dating for most of the New Testament. Worked with Westcott and Hort.
Worked with Lightfoot and Westcott. Compiled a Greek New Testament with Westcott.
Dealt with the differences between the historical Jesus and the historical, biblical Christ.
Worked on showcasing the influences of Hellenism on Christianity, the Bible, and the Early Church.
Developed the documentary hypothesis in relation to the Old Testament. It makes the argument that there were multiple sources used for the books of the Torah.
Analyzed Hellenistic influence on Christianity, called for an understanding of the Kingdom of God as central to Christianity. However, said this kingdom had to do with an inner spirituality.
An archeologist and scholar. Discovered a lot of biblical artifacts that have helped confirm the authenticity of the texts.
A founder of the "history of religions" way of thinking about things.
Wrote a book that argued that Jesus never claimed to be Messiah.
Made great contributions into the debate over the historicity of the gospels, specifically Mark.
Wrote "Kyrios Christos" which looked at the development of early Christianity and how Christians began to regard Jesus as Lord.
Textual critic, proposed the four source hypothesis for dealing with the synoptic problem.
Wrote "The Quest for the Historical Jesus," effectively ended the first quest.
Form critic, who went along with Bultmann in saying that historical Jesus is impossible to find.
Believed that a quest for the historical Jesus is impossible. It can't be done, historically, and it gets in the way of faith. Had huge impact on the field of New Testament studies. Form critic.
Emphasized the importance of studying the New Testament through the theology of it, instead of throwing that away and attempting to do a purely scientific, historical study of theological documents.
Promoted a realized eschatology, meaning that the Kingdom of God is not a future place or activity, but rather a present reality.
Scripture is narrative of a God who takes initiative. God has acted and is waiting for humans to respond. Arguably the most influential 20th century theologian.
New Testament Form Critic, claimed that gospels could not be used for history.
Worked to get through the historical and cultural layers to understand Jesus at his core.
Student of Bultmann. Was involved in the Second Quest, promoted a close relationship between early church and Christ.
Involved in the New Quest for the Historical Jesus. Associated with Bultmann. Developed some criterion for historicity.
Student of Bultmann. Pushed theology of Kingdom of God to the foreground.
New Testament scholar involved in the Third Quest. Very influential in starting the move toward studying "The New Perspective on Paul."