Period 5 cont...

Events

Secession of SC

1860

South Carolina secede from the Union, Led by John C Calhousn, thinking the "sectional party" picked a president who was harmful to slavery. In less than a year, there were seven states that had followed and seceded the Union

Election of Abraham Lincoln

1860

He was nominated by the Republican Party in the election of 1860, and won, which gave South Carolina an excuse to secede even before he was even formally in office.

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

An act issued by Lincoln as a way to broaden the goals of the war and achieve a moral victory, but through its principles it freed absolutely no slaves on the day it was given; changed the purpose of the war and caused Europeans to withdraw from supporting south.

Thirteenth Amendment Passed

1865

This Amendment was made to forbid slavery, making slavery and involuntary servitude both illegal. It could only be used as a punishment for crime. This Amendment was ratified in 1865, after the war was over. The South had to ratify it to be readmitted to the Union. First of the Reconstruction Amendments.

End of Civil War

1865

6 days after Lincoln was shot, General Lee surrendered. Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders his army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

Lincoln Assassinated

1865

Lincoln was shot at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C., as the American Civil War was drawing to a close, just six days after the surrender of General Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia to General Ulysses S. Grant and Union forces. The assassination was planned and carried out by John Wilkes Booth as part of a larger conspiracy in an effort to rally the remaining Confederate troops to continue fighting. Andrew Johnson became president.

Reconstruction Act

1867

Congressional act vetoed by Johnson, but overridden by Congress. Put South under military rule and divided the South into 5 military districts, had the South set up new constitutions, said all males (black or white) could vote, said those who supported the Confederacy couldn't vote, made South states give equal rights to all citizens, made the South ratify the 14th Amendment.

Compromise of 1877

1877

Determined the winner of the disputed presidential election between Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican) and Samuel Tilden (Democrat). A very close race (Tilden had won the popular vote) and hotly contested. In exchange for Hayes' victory, Republicans promised to remove troops from the South, appoint a Democrat to the Cabinet, provide federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi River, and agreed to protect the rights of African Americans.