Presidential Assassinations-by

Timeline of U.S. Presidential Assassinations and Assassination Attemtps.


Attempted Assassination of Andrew Jackson

January, 1835

An Englishman named Richard Lawrence attempted to shoot President Jackson at the U.S. Capitol Building as Jackson was leaving the funeral of South Carolina's House Representative Warren R. Davis. The attacker's two pistols misfired (possibly due to damp gunpowder), and he was then attacked by the enraged 67 year-old President. Jackson was not harmed.

Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

April, 1865

The 16th President, was assassinated in 1865. Lincoln was the first of four presidents to be assassinated. Lincoln was the first Republican president, and of course, the president who preserved the Union in the Civil War and who created the Emancipation Proclamation. He was killed by John Wilkes Booth, a famous actor and known Confederate sympathizer. He was shot in the head while attending a play at Ford's Theater in the evening of April 14, 1865, and died the next morning, on April 15, 1865. Lincoln was succeeded by Vice-President Andrew Johnson.

Assassination of James Garfield

July 1881

James Garfield--The 20th President, who was assassinated in 1881. Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, a disgruntled office seeker, at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881.
Guiteau had supported Garfield in the election, and he believed that his work in the campaign justified him being appointed as American consul in Paris, France. This despite the fact that he was unqualified for the job and did not speak French. Guiteau convinced himself that he was turned down because he was a member of the faction of the Republican Party known as the Stalwarts, and that Garfield had betrayed him because for political reasons.
After shooting Garfield, Guiteau was taken into custody and readily admitted and detailed his whole assassination plot and reasoning for killing Garfield. The president lingered on for twelve weeks, finally dying of his wounds on September 19, 1881. Modern doctors believe that had Garfield's doctors had access to modern medical procedures and equipment, he likely would have survived his wounds. Garfield was succeeded by Vice-President Chester Arthur.

Assassination of William McKinley

September, 1901

William McKinley--The 25th President, who was assassinated 1901. McKinley was visiting the the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York on September 6, 1901 when he was shot twice in the abdomen by Leon Frank Czolgosz, an avowed Anarchist. Believing that the poor and the working class were being kept down by the existing political and economic system, Czolgosz believed that killing the president would advance the causes of socialism and anarchism. He was inspired by the recent assassination of Italy's King, Umberto I, who was also killed by an anarchist.

Shooting of Teddy Roosevelt

October, 1912

At this point in time, Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt was a former president who was a third-party candidate in the 1912 Presidential election. While giving a speech in Milwaukee, Roosevelt was shot by John Schrank. Roosevelt survived his wounds, even giving his speech before going to a hospital.

Assassination Attempt on Franklin Roosevelt

February, 1933

Anarchist Giuseppe Zangara shot at President-Elect Franklin Roosevelt only 17 days before his inauguration. The killer missed FDR, instead killing Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak and a bystander. Roosevelt was unharmed.

Assassination Attempt on Harry Truman

November, 1950

On November 1, 1950, Puerto Rican nationalists Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola attacked the Blair House, where Truman lived while the White House was being renovated. The two attackers. Torresola died in the attack, as did one of the police officers guarding Truman. Three other officers were wounded, as was Collazzo. The Secret Service describes this event as the biggest shootout in Secret Service history. Truman, who was taking a nap on the second floor of Blair House, was unharmed, despite the fact that he looked out the window during the shooting.

Assassination of John Kennedy

November, 1963

John F. Kennedy-The 35th President, who was assassinated on November 22, 1963. He was shot and killed while in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas. His assassin was Lee Harvey Oswald, a known sympathizer of the communist regime of Fidel Castro in Cuba. Kennedy was succeeded by Vice-President Lyndon Johnson.

Kennedy is the last president to die in office.

First Assassination Attempt on Gerald Ford

September 5, 1975

Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a member of the Manson Family (as in Charles Manson), attempted to shoot Ford as he shook hands in Sacramento, California. Fromme's handgun misfired, and she was arrested. Ford was not injured.

Second Assassination Attempt on Gerald Ford

September 22, 1975

Sara Jane Moore shot at President Ford on a street in San Francisco. Her own gun had been confiscated by police the day before, and this assassination attempt was with a new gun she was not familiar with. She barely missed Ford. It is believed that had she used the gun she was familiar with, she would have shot, and probably killed Ford. President Ford was uninjured.

Shooting of President Ronald Reagan

March, 1980

John Hinckley Jr, shot Ronald Reagan with a .22 caliber pistol on a sidewalk in Washington, DC, on March 30, 1980. Reagan was wounded with a bullet to the lung. Reagan's Press Secretary James Brady was also wounded, along with a Secret Service agent and a police officer. Reagan survived, and Hinckley was confined to a mental institution.

Airplane Attack on the White House Against Bill Clinton

September 12, 1994

Frank Eugene Corder flew a Cessna airplane at the White House in an apparent attempt to kill Bill Clinton. The plane crashed into the White House, just under Clinton's bedroom window. The Clintons were sleeping across the street at Blair House due to renovation work at the White House. Clinton was unharmed, and the attacker was killed in the crash.

Shooting at the White House Against Bill Clinton

October 30, 1994

Francisco Martin Duran shot 30 to 40 rounds at the White House in an attack on Bill Clinton. Duran was tackled by two nearby tourists. Clinton was unharmed.

Shooting at the White House Against George W. Bush

February 7, 2001

Robert Pickett fired several shots from a pistol at the White House. President Bush was inside the White House at that time. A Secret Service agent shot Pickett in the leg and he was arrested. Bush was unharmed.

Grenade Attack on George W. Bush

May 10, 2005

While visiting the nation of Georgia, President Bush and Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili were the subject of an assassination attempt by Georgian dissident Vladimir Arutyunian, who threw a live grenade (that failed to explode) at the two presidents. No one was injured in the attack, though when the attacker was later captured, he shot and killed a Georgian police officer.