Flemish physician who published the first accurate analysis of human anatomy that became the bible for 17th century medical science.
Published by Nicolas Copernicus.
First to make detailed records of planetary movements that substantiated the heliocentric theory.
Italian contemporary of Kepler, furthered his research with extensive studies in gravity. In 1608 he improved the design of Dutch telescopes to attain three power magnification.
Regarded as the founder of modern Western philosophy, supreme rationalist, championed deductive reasoning and Cartesian dualism.
Invented by Hans Lippershey and Zacharias Janssen.
Accurately traces the circulation of the blood.
Francis Bacon leading advocate for the empirical method, publishes strongest defense for the empirical method ever written.
Painted by Frans Hals, example of the vogue for dutch portraiture in Northern Baroque art, reflects the self-concious materialism of a rising middle class.
Talented Holland artist, exacted realism inspired by Jan van Eyck, painted a style known as vanitas.
Galileo was placed under house arrest for his opposition to religious authority with his innovative science.
English Astronomer and Mathematician, synthesized 17th century physics and math, used prism to analyze light in 1666, describes gravity and movement in the universe.
Invents a mechanical calculator capable of addition and subtraction.
By Otto von Guericke
Invented by Blaise Pascal.
Developed the very first accurate pendulum clock.
Jan Vermeer and other dutch artists developed realism into naturalistic landscapes.
Made by Anton Van Leeuwenhoek.
Invented by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, capable of multiplication and division.
Leading Italian instrumental composer of the Baroque era, perfected the form known as ritornello.
Major German composer known for his forms of oratorio, the Mass, and the cantata, composed mostly religious pieces and over 170 organ preludes.
musical composition by Bach, fugue-polyphonic composition in which a single musical theme is restated in sequential phrases.