Cleon & Brasidas killed; opportunity for peace arises. Celebrated in Aristophanes' play Peace. Didn't last; Athenians soon wanted more territory (looking to Sicily) - Sparta launched war again.
Athens keeps enemy at bay with virtually no fleet/army
413 b.c. - 404 b.c.
Oligarchic revolution & restoration of democracy
411 B.C. - 410 B.C.
By the time democracy was restored Athen's subject states had either revolted or gone to Spartans & Spartans had support of Persians.
Women & Lysistrata
Women at the Themosphoria & Lysistrata produced.
Athens seems to be winning
408 b.c. - 406 b.c.
Athenians may have thought Aristophanes was wrong for preaching peace - but he believed people' motivations for the war were selfish (poor wanted bodies to pilage for $$, allies wanted tributes for more $$, sophists preached that law relied on selfishness (e.g. in property).
Athenian defeat at Aegispotami
Crushing defeat; Athen's grain supply cut off - soon had to surrender.
Athens surrenders to Sparta in spring (defeated, grain supply cut off, surrounded). Athens stripped of all overseas territories, Spartan oligarchy (rule of 30 Tyrants) established in Athens. Democracy soon restored, but Athens not the same.
Plato's Symposium (380s)
380 B.C. - 370 B.C.
Only record of Aristophanes' personality - sociable.
End: Is technique of composing comedy & tragedy fundamentally the same?...