Hecatopenon Parthenos is the actual name of the Parthenon.
Parthenon or "Parthenos" is the nickname, which means the bedroom for young virgin girls SO the Parthenon was the literal house of Athena.
This is the first building part of a Periclean Building Program.
Athens was the center of the world to Pericles, so it needed to look like it.
The Parthenon uses a blend of the Doric and Ionic styles: 8 columns on front and back, 17 columns on each side.
It utilizes optical Illusions; there is a subtle swelling (entasis) of the mid-portions of the columns, so that they don't appear thin in the middle, there is a tilting columns toward interior so that they don't seem to be falling outward, and there is a curving the middle of the floor and steps upward, so that they don't seem to droop in the center.
The Parthenon is very finely decorated: the Panathenaic Procession is depicted along the outside, the front room is dedicated to the statue of Athena with Chryselephantine statue that is completely gone now, and there is a reflecting pool in the front of Athena to keep the ivory of the statue moist.
The backroom, Athena's bedroom, is stuffed full of gold, silver vases; shields; and furniture.
A list is kept of the dedications in this room.
Some items have tags with an inscription of who dedicated the items.
Because of this list, we can create a prosopography - a list of the citizens living in the city at the time.
The Athenians borrow from Athena's statue and her bedroom when they need money, but they return what they borrowed with interest.