Unit 05: A Dividing Nation Group #5 MiaRose

Was the Civil War inevitable?

A Dividing Nation

Banning Slavery in Areas

1787

Northwest Ordinance bans slavery north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi.

3/5 Compromise

1788

Constitution is ratified with 3/5 compromise

U.S. Divided

1800 - 1810

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states. Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.

Free and Slave States

1819

Same number of free and slave states (11 each). Missouri wants to become a slave state.

Missouri Compromise

1821

Missouri became a slave state and Maine became a free state. Free vs. Slaved was divided at 36 30 latitude (North was free and south was slaved).

The Liberator

1821

Created by William Lloyd Garrison. Newspaper is an abolishment paper.

Frederick Douglass

1845

Frederick Douglass publishes his Narrative.

US Treaty with Mexico

1848

US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory.

Underground Railroad

1849

Harriet Tubman escapes on the Underground Railroad. California applies for statehood as a free state.

Comprimise of 1850

1850

Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850. California enters as a free state. Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery. The slave trade in D.C. is ended. A new Fugitive Slave law is passed.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty. The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.

Bloody Kansas

1856

Violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery in Kansas. John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas. Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision. African-Americans were not considered not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.

John Brown Raid

1859

John Brown raids Harpers Ferry, Virginia but is captured and hung.

Election of AL

1860

Abraham Lincoln, of the republican party, is elected with less than 40% of the vote. South Carolina secedes from the union.

Confederate States are Formed

1861

The Confederate States of America is formed. In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated. April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter beginning the Civil War.

Events