Northwest Ordinance bans slavery north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi.
Constitution is ratified with 3/5 compromise
1800 - 1810
Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states. Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.
Free and Slave States
Same number of free and slave states (11 each). Missouri wants to become a slave state.
Missouri became a slave state and Maine became a free state. Free vs. Slaved was divided at 36 30 latitude (North was free and south was slaved).
Created by William Lloyd Garrison. Newspaper is an abolishment paper.
Frederick Douglass publishes his Narrative.
US Treaty with Mexico
US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory.
Harriet Tubman escapes on the Underground Railroad. California applies for statehood as a free state.
Comprimise of 1850
Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850. California enters as a free state. Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery. The slave trade in D.C. is ended. A new Fugitive Slave law is passed.
Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty. The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.
Violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery in Kansas. John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas. Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.
Dred Scott Decision
The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision. African-Americans were not considered not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.
John Brown Raid
John Brown raids Harpers Ferry, Virginia but is captured and hung.
Election of AL
Abraham Lincoln, of the republican party, is elected with less than 40% of the vote. South Carolina secedes from the union.
Confederate States are Formed
The Confederate States of America is formed. In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated. April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter beginning the Civil War.