Unit 05: A Dividing Nation Group #5 MiaRose

Was the Civil War inevitable?

A Dividing Nation

Banning Slavery in Areas


Northwest Ordinance bans slavery north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi.

3/5 Compromise


Constitution is ratified with 3/5 compromise

U.S. Divided

1800 - 1810

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states. Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.

Free and Slave States


Same number of free and slave states (11 each). Missouri wants to become a slave state.

Missouri Compromise


Missouri became a slave state and Maine became a free state. Free vs. Slaved was divided at 36 30 latitude (North was free and south was slaved).

The Liberator


Created by William Lloyd Garrison. Newspaper is an abolishment paper.

Frederick Douglass


Frederick Douglass publishes his Narrative.

US Treaty with Mexico


US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory.

Underground Railroad


Harriet Tubman escapes on the Underground Railroad. California applies for statehood as a free state.

Comprimise of 1850


Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850. California enters as a free state. Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery. The slave trade in D.C. is ended. A new Fugitive Slave law is passed.

Uncle Tom's Cabin


Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

Kansas Nebraska Act


Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty. The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.

Bloody Kansas


Violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery in Kansas. John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas. Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.

Dred Scott Decision


The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision. African-Americans were not considered not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.

John Brown Raid


John Brown raids Harpers Ferry, Virginia but is captured and hung.

Election of AL


Abraham Lincoln, of the republican party, is elected with less than 40% of the vote. South Carolina secedes from the union.

Confederate States are Formed


The Confederate States of America is formed. In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated. April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter beginning the Civil War.