Cold War

Events

Forming of the UN

January 1, 1942

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order. On January 1, 1942, representatives of 26 nations at war with the Axis powers met in Washington to sign the Declaration of the United Nations endorsing the Atlantic Charter, pledging to use their full resources against the Axis and agreeing not to make a separate peace.

Yalta Conference

February 4,1945 - February 11, 1945

Yalta Conference was the second wartime meeting of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The Yalta Conference was the important conference in which the leaders of the Big Three met in February 1945 to discuss plans for the end of World War II and the future of the world.

Postsdam Conference

July 17, 1945 - August 2, 1945

was the last of the World War II meetings held by the “Big Three” heads of state.It was attended by Premier Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, the new American president, Harry S. Truman, and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain (replaced on July 28 by his successor, Clement Attlee).

Iron Curtain Speech

March 5, 1946

The Iron Curtain is a significant Cold War topic, because the term "Iron Curtain" is used to explain the tension between countries that was a major cause of the Cold War. ... While the Iron Curtain remained, part of Eastern Europe and some of Central Europe were controlled by the Soviet Union, which was communist.

Containment Policy

1947 - 1987

Containment is a geopolitical strategy to stop the expansion of an enemy. It is best known as a Cold War foreign policy of the United States and its allies to prevent the spread of communism. Containment Facts - 1: The purpose of the US Containment policy was to restrict communist expansion response to a series of moves by the Soviet Union to enlarge its communist sphere of influence in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, China, Korea, Cuba and Vietnam.

Truman Doctrine

March 12, 1947

More generally, the Truman Doctrine implied American support for nations threatened by Soviet communism. The Truman Doctrine became the foundation of American foreign policy and led in 1949 to the formation of NATO, a military alliance that is still in effect. The Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy created to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. It was first announced to Congress by President Harry S. Truman on March 12, 1947 and further developed on July 12, 1948 when he pledged to contain Soviet threats to Greece and Turkey.

Marshall Plan

June 1948 - 1951

(officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion (nearly $140 billion in current dollar value as of September 2017) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World. The United States believed that recovery would help these nations avoid communist influence.George Marshall created the Marshall Plan and it was created to help Europe recover from the damages of WWII, another reason was to prevent communism from gaining a strong war.

Berlin Blockade begins

June 24 1948 - May 12 1949

The Berlin Blockade (24 June 1948 – 12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control.The Berlin Airlift: “Operation VITTLES” Begins. It was quickly settled: The Allies would supply their sectors of Berlin from the air. Allied cargo planes would use open air corridors over the Soviet occupation zone to deliver food, fuel and other goods to the people who lived in the western part of the city.

Berlin Blockade ends

June 24 1948 - May 12 1949

an early crisis of the Cold War comes to an end when the Soviet Union lifts its 11-month blockade against West Berlin. The blockade had been broken by a massive U.S.-British airlift of vital supplies to West Berlin’s two million citizens. The Berlin Airlift: The Berlin Blockade. The Russians were also concerned about a unified West Berlin: a capitalist city located right in the middle of their occupation zone that would likely be powerfully and aggressively anti-Soviet. They decided that something needed to be done to stop this creeping unificationism.

NATO

April 4, 1949

In 1949, the prospect of further Communist expansion prompted the United States and 11 other Western nations to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between several North American and European states based on the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949.

Soviets explode first atomic bomb

Aug 2 1949

Soviet Atomic Bomb Test. On August 29, 1949, the Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb. It came as a great shock to the United States because they were not expecting the Soviet Union to possess nuclear weapon knowledge so soon.