Secession of South Carolina


Know Nothing Party

1845 - 1855

emerged in response to Catholic immigrants from Ireland and Germany who arrived in the United States between 1845 and 1854. They embraced nativism by denying citizenship to newcomers. They were also opposed to territorial expansion of slavery and the fanaticism of abolitionists

Wilmot Proviso

August 8, 1846

A bill that encouraged the annexation of Texas and wanted Southern political power in Congress from expanding.

Free Soil Party founded


Free soil party is organized as a new party consisting of anti-slavery northern Whigs, northern Democrats opposed to slavery and members of the abolitionists Liberty party.

California Gold Rush

1848 - 1855

In 1849 around 100,000 men set off for California eager to find riches and gold.

Compromise of 1850


A ten-month-long debate over a series of resolutions intended to reduce the crisis between the North and South that had unhinged both political parties.
(1) California entered Union as a free state, ending forever the balance of free slave states
(2) The Texas-New Mexico Act made New Mexico a territory and set the Texas boundary at its present location: Texas is paid 10 million
(3) The Utah Act set up the Utah Territory and gave territorial legislature authority over all rightful subjects of legislation
(4) A Fugitive Slave Act required the federal government and northern states to help capture and return runaway slaves
(5) the public sale of slaves, but not slavery itself, was abolished in D.C.

The Election of 1852


Pierce is elected as president

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852 - 1853

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes the novel that supported the abolitionist movement. Was very popular

The Kansas - Nebraska Act


An act that ensured that the vast territory of Missouri and Iowa could be settled.

The Emergence of the Republican Party

February 1854

conscience Whigs split from the southern pro-slavery cotton Whigs. They joined the anti-slavery democrats dedicated to excluding slavery from western territories.

Charles Sumner Injured


Charles Sumner is caned and injured by a pro-slavery congressman in the U.S. Senate

Bleeding Kansas

May 1856

A civil war that occured when a pro-slavery force invaded the free state of Lawrence, Kansas

Pottawatomie Massacre

May 24, 1856

Another invasion following bleeding Kansas where Brown and some followers killed five men in Pottawatomie, Kansas a pro=slavery settlement

The Financial Panic of 1857


affected Buchanan's presidency

Buchanan Elected


Buchanan takes office following Pierce.

Dred Scott v. Sandford

March 6, 1857

Supreme Court delivered a decision ruling against the legitimacy of Dred Scott's freedom in Missouri

Lecompton Constitution

September 1857

Constitution declares slavery will be allowed in Kansas

Minnesota Enters the Union

May 1858

Minnesota enters the Union

Lincoln Douglas Debates

August 21, 1858 - October 15, 1858

Debates between Lincoln and Douglas displaying the differences between the two candidates.

John Brown's Raid


Brown who believed he was carrying out a divine mission on behalf of vengeful God, stole weapons and killed five people. He was later tried and sentenced to death. This marked the start of the Civil War.

Lincoln's Election

November 6, 1860

Lincoln is elected as president with 39 percent popular vote and 180 votes in the electoral college

South Carolina Secedes

December 20, 1860

South Carolina with one of the highest slave percentages secedes from the Union due to a long series of previously mentioned conflicts