emerged in response to Catholic immigrants from Ireland and Germany who arrived in the United States between 1845 and 1854. They embraced nativism by denying citizenship to newcomers. They were also opposed to territorial expansion of slavery and the fanaticism of abolitionists
A bill that encouraged the annexation of Texas and wanted Southern political power in Congress from expanding.
In 1849 around 100,000 men set off for California eager to find riches and gold.
Free soil party is organized as a new party consisting of anti-slavery northern Whigs, northern Democrats opposed to slavery and members of the abolitionists Liberty party.
A ten-month-long debate over a series of resolutions intended to reduce the crisis between the North and South that had unhinged both political parties.
(1) California entered Union as a free state, ending forever the balance of free slave states
(2) The Texas-New Mexico Act made New Mexico a territory and set the Texas boundary at its present location: Texas is paid 10 million
(3) The Utah Act set up the Utah Territory and gave territorial legislature authority over all rightful subjects of legislation
(4) A Fugitive Slave Act required the federal government and northern states to help capture and return runaway slaves
(5) the public sale of slaves, but not slavery itself, was abolished in D.C.
Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes the novel that supported the abolitionist movement. Was very popular
Pierce is elected as president
An act that ensured that the vast territory of Missouri and Iowa could be settled.
conscience Whigs split from the southern pro-slavery cotton Whigs. They joined the anti-slavery democrats dedicated to excluding slavery from western territories.
Charles Sumner is caned and injured by a pro-slavery congressman in the U.S. Senate
A civil war that occured when a pro-slavery force invaded the free state of Lawrence, Kansas
Another invasion following bleeding Kansas where Brown and some followers killed five men in Pottawatomie, Kansas a pro=slavery settlement
Buchanan takes office following Pierce.
affected Buchanan's presidency
Supreme Court delivered a decision ruling against the legitimacy of Dred Scott's freedom in Missouri
Constitution declares slavery will be allowed in Kansas
Minnesota enters the Union
Debates between Lincoln and Douglas displaying the differences between the two candidates.
Brown who believed he was carrying out a divine mission on behalf of vengeful God, stole weapons and killed five people. He was later tried and sentenced to death. This marked the start of the Civil War.
Lincoln is elected as president with 39 percent popular vote and 180 votes in the electoral college
South Carolina with one of the highest slave percentages secedes from the Union due to a long series of previously mentioned conflicts