Unit 05: A Dividing Nation Group #5

Was the Civil War inevitable?

A Dividing Nation

Northwest Ordinance

1787

It bans slavery north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi

Constitution is ratified with 3/5 compromise

1788

It is ratified with the 3/5th compromise which was that a slave was considered 3/5th of a person so that the southern states would have more representatives during voting.

States enter as free states

1800 - 1810

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter the Union as free states.

States enter as slave states

1800 - 1810

Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter the Union as slave states.

Missouri slave states

1819

Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state.

Number of types of states

1819

There were 11 free states and 11 slave states.

The Liberator

1821

William Lloyd Garrison published the abolishionist newspaper called "The Liberator" which was a paper explaining to the people why slavery should be abolished.

Missouri compromise

1821

Missouri enters as a slave states and Maine enters as a free states. A law states that at the latitude 36 30 is the line and North of that slavery will be banned.

Frederick Douglass narrative

1845

Frederick Douglass publishes his narrative about his experience of slavery.

US-Mexican treaty

1848

US signs a treaty with Mexico and obtains Mexican cession territory.

California applies for statehood

1849

California applies for statehood as a free state.

Harriet Tubman

1849

Harriet Tubman escapes by using the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad was a way for slaves to escape easily and find a safe place to stay until they reached the North/ free states.

Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850.

1850

Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850.
California enters as a free state.
Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery.

The slave trade in D.C. is ended.
A new Fugitive Slave law is passed.

Uncle Tom's Cabin is published

1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

The Republican Party is established

1854

The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty.

Charles Sumner is caned

1856

Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.

Bloody Kansas

1856

“Bloody Kansas”: violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.

John Brown massacres 5 pro slavery men

1856

John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.

African-Americans are not citizens

1857

The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.

John Brown's raid

1859

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.

Abraham Lincoln wins the election

November 1860

In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.

South Carolina secedes

December 1860

In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.

Confederate states of American is formed

1861

jefferson davis is elected president

President lincoln inaugurated

march 1861

Beginning of the Civil War

april 12 1861

Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.

American Presidents

George Washington

1789 - 1797

John Adams

1797 - 1801

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

James Madison

1809 - 1817

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

J. Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

M. Van Buren

1837 - 1841

William Harrison

1841

John Tyler

April, 1841 - 1845

James Polk

1845 - 1849

Zachary Taylor

1849 - July, 1850

Millard Fillmore

1850 - 1853

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865

Events