This book describes the cruelties of slavery through a slave named Uncle Tom. It tells of his life through three slave holders. The first two treat him nicely, while the third abuses hum many times. Southerners saw this as an insult to their way of life. Harriet thought this book bring an end to slavery.
The Republican Party
The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.
Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act
May 30, 1854
The issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty. It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. The Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30´.
massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.
May 21, 1856
Pro-slavery forces raided the Free-Soil town of Lawrence, Kansas. They burned buildings, looted stores, and destroyed two printing presses. Northerners called this "Sack of Lawrence".
Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.
May 22, 1856
The Supreme Court
The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.
John Brown’s raid
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.
Abraham Lincoln wins the election of 1860
In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.
South Carolina secedes from the Union
Confederate States of America is formed
The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.
President Lincoln is inaugurated
Southern forces fire
April 12, 1861
Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.