Unit 05: A Dividing Nation Group #2

Was the Civil War inevitable?

A Dividing Nation

American Presidents

Northwest Ordinance

1787

Northwest Ordinance bans slavery north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi.

Ratification of Constitution

1788

The Constitution is ratified with the 3/5th Compromise.

states choose sides

1800 - 1810

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states.
Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.

Missouri is a slave state

1819

Number of free states = 11; Number of slave states = 11
Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state.

Missouri Compromise

1820

Missouri Compromise is passed: Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state. The law draws a line at latitude 36 30: North of that line slavery was banned.

abolitionist newspaper

1821

William Lloyd Garrison begins to publish abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator.

FDs Narrative

1845

Frederick Douglass publishes his Narrative.

Treaty with mexico

1848

US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory.

Harriet Tubman & California

1849

Harriet Tubman escapes on the Underground Railroad.
California applies for statehood as a free state.

Henry Clay

1850

Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850.
California enters as a free state.
Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery.
The slave trade in D.C. is ended.
A new Fugitive Slave law is passed.

Harriet Stowe

1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

kansas nebraska act

1854

Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty.
The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.

bloody kansas

1856

“Bloody Kansas”: violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.

John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.

Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.

dred scott decision

1857

The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.

John Brown

1859

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865

Civil War begins

1861

The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.

In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.

On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.

Events