Unit 05: A Dividing Nation Group #1

Was the Civil War inevitable?

A Dividing Nation

Northwest Ordinance

1787

bans slavery north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi.

Constitution is ratified

1788

3/5 comprimise

New states join the Union

1800 - 1810

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states.

Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.

Missouri applies for statehood

1819

Number of free states = 11; Number of slave states = 11

Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state

The Liberator begins to be published

1821

William Loyd Garrison publishes it

Missouri Compromise

1821

Missouri Compromise is passed: Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state. The law draws a line at latitude 36 30: North of that line slavery was banned

Frederick Douglass publishes his Narrative.

1845

US signs treaty with Mexico

1848

acquires Mexican cession territory.

Harriet Tubman escapes on the Underground Railroad.

1849

California applies for statehood as a free state.

1849

Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850.

1850

California enters as a free state.
Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery.
The slave trade in D.C. is ended.
A new Fugitive Slave law is passed.

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes "Uncle Tom’s Cabin"

1852

Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

he issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty.

The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.

“Bloody Kansas”

1856

“Bloody Kansas”: violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.
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John Brown's Massacre

1856

John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.

Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision

1857

The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry

1859

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.

South Carolina secedes

1860

In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.

Lincoln wins election

1860

In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.

Lincoln is inaugurated

1861

In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.

The Confederate States of America is formed

1861

The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.

Beginning of the Civil War

April 12, 1861

On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.

Events