Was the Civil War inevitable?
bans slavery north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi.
Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states.
Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.
Number of free states = 11; Number of slave states = 11
Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state
William Loyd Garrison publishes it
Missouri Compromise is passed: Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state. The law draws a line at latitude 36 30: North of that line slavery was banned
acquires Mexican cession territory.
California enters as a free state.
Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery.
The slave trade in D.C. is ended.
A new Fugitive Slave law is passed.
he issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty.
The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.
“Bloody Kansas”: violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.
John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.
The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.
In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.
In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.
In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.
The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.
On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.