"Diplomatic" expedition by U.S. to try to establish a trade agreement with Japan, by means of parking large boats with guns on their doorstep, and then asking for a trade agreement.
Final traditional period of Japan, under rule by shogunate, marked by internal peace and economic growth.
Emperor Meji is returned to power, ending the rule of the shogunate. The Meji Restoration was marked by largescale modernization and Westernization of the country.
War between Japan and China over control of Korea. Established Japan as a World power.
War between Japan and Russia over Korea and Manchuria. First time an Asian power defeated a European power, and forced Russia to abandon expansionist policies.
Japan-Korea Treaty of 1910 is signed, officially annexing Korea to Japan.
Political faction of the Japanese Army which favored a more cautious and defensive expansion, as well as more cooperation between bureaucracy and military.
Political faction of the Japanese Army which favored a rapid and aggressive expansion, as well as a restoration of the Emperor.
International military conference called by U.S. to try to avoid naval arms race. Resulted in the Four-Power Pact and Five-Power Naval Limitation Treaty.
Longest serving emporer of Japan, between 1926 and 1989, and during WW2.
An event involving minor and inconsequential explosions near a Japanese railway which was used as a justification for the invasion and occupation of Manchuria.
Japanese puppet state in northern China established during Japanese expansion into China.
Report of the Lytton Commission, established by the League of Nations to find the cause of the Mukden Incident. The report didn't directly address the causes, or blame Japan, but it led to a motion to name Japan as the aggressors, which causes Japan to leave the league.
Anti-communist agreement between Germany and Japan (later Italy, on Nov 6, 1937).
Conflict between Japan and China near modern day Beijing. Arose less from a specific action, and more from growing tensions between the two nations prior to WW2.
War between Japan and China as a result of China's resistance to Japanese expansion and influence in the region. Japan surrendered, and ended Chinese occupation
Period of systematic and mass murder and rape by Japanese military during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Defensive military alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Japanese bomber planes attack the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Helped tremendously to convince America to officially join the war.