To be approved for a certificate of naturalization, immigrants were required to live in Canada for five years, possess adequate knowledge of French or English and exhibit good moral character.
The government amended the Immigration Act in 1919 with more restrictive regulations in response to the postwar economic downturn, labour unrest and growing anti-foreign sentiment. Immigrants from enemy alien countries were denied entry and the restricted categories of political dissidents were expanded.
The Empire Settlement Act of 1922 was an agreement between the British government and several commonwealth countries designed to facilitate the resettlement of agriculturalists, farm labourers, domestics and juvenile immigrants throughout the Empire.
Around 165,000 British immigrants arrived in Canada as participants