Early Modern Era Timeline (1450-1750)

Middle East

Ottoman Victory over Safavids at Chaldiron

1514

Rule of Suleyman the Magnificent

1520 - 1566

Ottoman fleet defeated in Battle of Lepanto

1571

Reign of Abbas I (The Great) in Persia

1588 - 1629

Fall of the Safavid dynasty

1722

Europe

Gutenberg's printing press starts becoming influential

1450

Ottoman Turks' defeat of the Byzantine Empire

1453

Ottoman capture of Constantiople

1453

Protuguese round Cape of Good Hope

1488

Spanish Inquisition begins

1492

Christopher Columbus' journey to the Americas

1492

Vasco de Gama's first voyage to India

1497

Commercial Revolution

Approx. 1500 - Approx. 1600

Luther's 95 Theses

1517

Magellan circumnavigates the globe

1519 - 1521

Catholic Reformation

1545 - 1648

Religious wars in France, Germany, and Britain

1550 - 1649

Scientific Revolution

Approx. 1600 - Approx. 1700

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Reign of King Louis XIV, France

1643 - 1715

Enlightenment

Approx. 1700 - Approx. 1800

Asia (Russia)

Much of Russia freed from Tatars by Ivan the Great

1462

Life of Ivan the Terrible

1533 - 1584

Time of Troubles

1604 - 1613

Romanov dynasty

1613 - Approx. 1750

Reign of Peter the Great

1689 - 1725

Reign of Catherine the Great

1762 - 1796

Pugachev revolt

1773 - 1775

Africa

Portugal establishes a fort along the Gold Coast

Approx. 1481

English slave trade begins

Approx. 1562

Rise of Asante and Dahomey kingdoms

Approx. 1600 - Approx. 1750

Dutch establish colony at Cape of Good Hope

1652

Americas

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

First Spanish colonies on Latin American mainland

1509

Hernán Cortés conquers the Aztecs

1520

Francisco Pizarro conquers the Incas

1533

East and Southeast Asia

Ming dynasty

1450 - 1644

Portuguese conquer Malacca

1511

Jesuits arrive in China

Approx. 1580 - Approx. 1590

Dutch and British take over Portuguese-controlled parts of Asia

Approx. 1600 - Approx. 1700

Tokugawa shogunate established

1603

Christianity banned in Japan

1614

Japan moves into self-imposed isolation

Approx. 1640 - Approx. 1650

Dutch begin conquests of Java (Indonesia)

1641

Manchu Qing dynasty rules China

1644 - Approx. 1750

South Asia

Babur conquers India at Battle of Panipat

1526

Reign of Akbar

1556 - 1605

Construction of Taj Mahal begins

1632

Mughal capital sacked

1739