Khia Shandy's Ap world Timeline

Asia

Neolithic Revolution

8000 BCE

The Neolithic Revolution was the set of dramatic changes in the development of social and environmental changes. This included the invention of new technology, the introduction of fire, the development of agriculture from hunting and gathering, and the invention and development of many religions.

Hinduism

1500 BC

This a caste system that put people into 5 castes. The five caste are the Brahmins( priestly class), the Kshatriyas( Warrior class), the Vaishyas( Merchant and Artisan class), the shudras( peasants) and last but not least the Dalits or the untouchables.

Buddhism

625 BC

Siddhartha Gautama left his pampered life of the wealthy to meditate in a forest to find enlightenment on how to end human suffering. After days of meditating, he created Buddhism and called himself Buddha. After creating the religion, he gathered followers and taught his teachings. They followed The 4 Noble truths and did not have a caste system like in Hinduism.

Start of Confucian Philosophy

520 BC

Confucius created Confucianism. This philosophy is all about relationships. Females should always respect males and the young must always respect the elders. Filial piety was a huge part of the philosophy Confucius traveled all of China and gathered followers who also spread his teachings.

The Great wall of China

206 BC - 1471

Emperor Wu of Han constructed the Great Wall in a large scale. The Han Dynasty Wall was not only a defense against northern Huns, but it also protected the ancient Silk Road linking China and the western regions.

Han China

202 BC - 220 AD

The Han Dynasty was established by Emperor Gaozu after the Qin Dynasty came to an end due to mass uprisings. During this dynasty, the silk road was created and Confucian was thriving

The Silk road

130 BCE - 1453 CE

The Silk road is a trade route that goes from China to Europe. It helped spread ideas, diseases, and inventions.

Beginning of Islam

610

The start Islam began in Mecca by a man called Muhammad. After the death of Muhammad, the first four caliphs took leadership and continued to spread the Islamic religion.

Tang dynasty

618 - 907

The Tang Dynasty was the pinnacle of cultural attainment. The major city of the Tang dynasty was Chang an. The Nomads and China had a tributary relationship. In 1100 CE, the nomads were in charge, so the tributary system was no longer needed.

Indian Ocean Trade Routes

800 AD - 1500

The Indian Ocean Trade route is a sea route that visited Africa, India, and Asia. Gold, ivory, and iron were often sold to India and Asia.

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

In the Song dynasty, many inventions and innovations were created.Gun powder was invented. Painting, calligraphy, and poems were also popular. The movable type was invented, which makes books cheaper, therefore the literacy rates increased.China also relied and monopolized Tea. Gender roles also became more apparent in the Song Dynasty.

Polynesian migration

1000 - 1300

Austronesian people migrated by boat to the different islands of Polynesia. The migrators introduced and brought plants and animals, including taro, sweet potato, chickens, pigs and dogs to Polynesia.

The Tale of Genji

1007

The Tale of Genji is the world's first novel. It was made by Murasaki Shikibu and was about a prince and his many adventures and trials.

Genghis Khan

1177 - 1227

Genghis Khan unifies the Mongols and sets out to conquer most of the western world. Genghis Khan and the Mongols conquered most of modern-day Russia, China, Korea, southeast Asia, Persia, India, the Middle East and eastern Europe.

Yuan Dynasty

1279 AD - 1368 AD

Kublai Khan was the leader (Mongol). He unified and ruled north and south China, and built more infrastructure. The Yuan dynasty declined after Kublai Khan's death and Zhu Yuanzhang, a peasant leader, defeated the Mongols and founded the Ming dynasty.

Ming China

1368 - 1644

The Ming Dynasty was the dynasty after the Yuan dynasty. The Ming Dynasty restored the civil service system and learning Confucian teachings became the road to success. Farming methods improved, classical literature became more popular, valuable porcelain began being exported abroad, and there were also many voyages taken place during the Ming dynasty.

Zheng He's Expeditions

1405 - 1433

Zheng He set out on an expedition from China to spread/glorify China. He took many treasure fleets of commerce and explored the other regions of Asia and to Africa.

The Creation of the Korean Alphabet

1444

Before the creation of the Korean alphabet, Korea used Chinese letters to read and write. This was inconvenient and many found it hard to understand. So in 1444, the king of Korea ordered the creation of the Korean Alphabet.

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1707

The Mughal Empire was located in India. It was an Islam state that was tolerant to many religions. Due to sea trade, the Mughal empire was one of the richest of their time.

Rise of Japanese Daimyo

1568

The rise of the Japanese Daimyo was due to Oda Nobunaga, who took over Kyoto in 1568. After Oda, many Daimyo started conquering the many places of japan until Toyotomi Hideyoshi unified all of Japan. After Toyotomi's death, Tokugawa leyasu ruled Japan. His successors would continue to rule until the 19th century.

Matsuo Bashō 松尾芭蕉

1644 - 1694

He was a popular poet who created and developed the Haiku. Matsuo was a Warrior who, after his master's death, moved to Edo to devote himself to poetry.

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

The Qing dynasty of china was ruled by an ethic group,the Machu, that were similar in ruling like the Mongols. The Machu were less tolerant than the Mongols. They made sure that everyone followed Machu traditions and if you refused, you were executed. The Machu culture was very prominent in China.

Europe

Greece

3000 BCE - 146 BC

Greece was the city of culture and arts and was not as advanced with war techniques as Persia, which did not help them last. Greece was divided into city-states. The constant fighting between the city states weakened Greece and made it difficult to fight against Persia. The poorer classes in Greece began to rebel against the aristocracy and the wealthy. This caused the fall of Greece.

Rome

753 Bc - 476

The Roman government is the first to have checks and balances and separation of power. The Expansion of Rome happened in 275 BCE. When Rome took over, they would grant full or half citizenship to those they conquered. The conquered area could stay independent if they provided troops, were loyal to Rome. The effects of Rome lasted a long time. The inventions of Rome, included the aqueducts and the coliseum.

Persia

550 BCE - 331 BCE

Persia started in 550 BCE and ended in 331 BCE. Persia was ruled by a monarch. Cyrus the Great expanded Persia's territory and reign. Alexander the Great eventually conquered Persia, ending the Persian empire.

Alexander the Great's reign [336 - 323 BCE]

336 BCE - 323 BCE

Alexander The Great was a military genius and was well educated. Alexander began his conquest by killing 6000 people in Thebes and selling everyone else to slavery. Alexander conquered Persia(destroyed Persepolis) and India and returned home after 11 years away from home. His empire did not last long and in the spring of 323 B.C., he fell ill and died.

Invention of the astrolabe

200 BC

An astrolabe is an instrument that is a multipurpose astronomical instrument that determines the position of celestial objects, it measures the time of the night and the time of the year, and it can compute what part of the sky is visible at any time, etc. The astrolabe was invented around 200 BC. The Greek astronomer Hipparchus is often credited as the inventor of this invention.

The start of Christianity

40 CE

It began in Jerusalem. Jesus challenged the traditional thinking and the leader of Rome. The followers of Jesus, Peter and Paul, spread his teachings throughout Rome. By the end of the 1st century, Christianity was popular among women, the poor, and slaves. https://img.thedailybeast.com/image/upload/c_crop,d_placeholder_euli9k,h_1439,w_2560,x_0,y_0/dpr_2.0/c_limit,w_740/fl_lossy,q_auto/v1492108482/articles/2016/10/09/thank-christianity-for-beer-and-hospitals/161008-Moss-chrisitans-tease_asdfv1

Byzantine Empire

330 CE - 1453 CE

The Roman emperor Constantine I founded the Byzantine empire on the site of the ancient Greek colony of Byzantium. The western half of the Roman Empire crumbled and fell in 476, but the eastern half survived for 1,000 more years. The empire was known for their rich tradition of art, literature and knowledge. The Byzantine Empire finally fell in 1453, after an Ottoman army stormed Constantinople during the reign of Constantine XI.

Ottoman Empire

1300 - 1918

The Ottoman Empire was the largest Islamic empire of it's time. It was founded in the Osman dynasty and lasted 600 years until the end of World War I. It's economy bloomed as the tribute system was put in place between the captured European countries and the Ottoman Empire and the control of the North African coast that traded gold and slaves. The Ottoman empire was based on Warrior Aristocracy that made a very competitive environment.

Black Death

1347 - 1352

The Black death is disease transmitted by rats that devastated Europe in the medieval times. It killed over 2/3 of Europe.

Columbian Exchange

1450 - 1750

The Columbia Exchange is the exchange of crops and diseases between the new and Old world. Sugarcane, horses, smallpox, and wheat came from the Old world, while corn, potatoes, turkey, and tobacco came from the New world.

Renaissance

1450 - 1750

The Renaissance was the re-birth of Europe. This era introduced new ideas and new artistic sides. Also, secularism begins and people are no longer focused only on religion.

The Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

This treaty was to divide the Americas between Spain and Portugal. Spain got all the land to the west of a meridian that went through eastern South America, while Portugal got all the land east of the north-south line.

Peter The Great

1682 - 1725

Peter The Great was a Russian king that aided multiple reforms in Russia. He based most of his reform ideas from west Europe. He removed the Orthodox church from having too much power and he ordered men to shave their beards. He also ordered women to take off their veil and allowed them to participate in some social events. Although his reform was suppose to help peasant and serfs, it ended up leaving many people worser than what they originally were( Due to high taxation).

Africa

Migration of Bantu Speakers

3000 BCE

The Bantu speaking people brought a lot of ideas and spread many things. They spread agriculture techniques, canoes, diseases, and weapons.

Trans Saharan Trade Route

500 CE - 1592 CE

The Trans-Saharan trade route is a trade route across the Sub-Saharan desert/ North Africa. This trade route made many kingdoms in Africa very wealthy, like Mali and Ghana.The main goods traded on this route are gold, ivory, kola nuts, and slaves. Salt, horses, cloth, weapons, and tools were also traded.

Mali empire

1230 - 1600

The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers. The Empire’s most famous ruler was Mansa Musa, who traveled to Mecca on a pilgrimage and gave out so much gold that it caused an inflation.

Ibn Battuta

1304 - 1369

Ibn Battuta was a Moroccan scholar that traveled the medieval world. He traveled Asia and Africa and his travels lasted 30 years.

Mansa Musa's Reign

1312 - 1337

Mansa Musa hailed from Africa and was the richest person of his time. He is most famous for his pilgrimage to Mecca, which showed off his wealth.

Songhay Empire

1464 - 1591

The Songhay Empire was an African empire that was once conquered by the Mali Empire. The selling of slaves were prominent in the Songhay Empire, because it was a way to get gunpowder and cannons.

The Middle passage

1500 - 1865

The Middle Passage is the sea route of enslaved Africans to the Americas. The enslaved Africans worked on plantations under harsh conditions.

Americas

Polynesian migration

1000 - 1300

Austronesian people migrated by boat to the different islands of Polynesia. The migrators introduced and brought plants and animals, including taro, sweet potato, chickens, pigs and dogs to Polynesia.

Columbian Exchange

1450 - 1750

The Columbia Exchange is the exchange of crops and diseases between the new and Old world. Sugarcane, horses, smallpox, and wheat came from the Old world, while corn, potatoes, turkey, and tobacco came from the New world.

The Middle passage

1500 - 1865

The Middle Passage is the sea route of enslaved Africans to the Americas. The enslaved Africans worked on plantations under harsh conditions.