History of Sport Timeline

Events

Semetic People

4000 BCE

By 4000BCE, the Semetic People were the main inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula

Sumerians

Approx. 3500 BCE

Sumerians moved into Mesopotamia and began building cities. They first invented pictographic and cuneiform writing, as well as a calendar, and a system of weights and measures.

Funeral Games

1250 BCE

Resulting from the burial of Patrokles, the Funeral Games were a great athletic festival that kings and princes competed in that comprised of combative events with a military purpose.

First Olympic Games

776 BCE

Celebrated the Olympian God Zeus every four year in Olympia.

First Herean Games

Approx. 600 BCE - Approx. 500 BCE

Dedicated to the Goddess Hera, they were the first women's athletic competition to be held in Olympia.

First Pythian Games

583 BCE

Celebrated Greek God Apollo, held between Olympic Festivals in Delphi.

First Isthmian Games

582 BCE

Celebrated Greek God, Poseidon every second year in Isthmia.

First Nemean Games

573 BCE

Celebrated the Olympic God, Zeus and took place every second year in Nemea.

Coliseum Built in Rome

80 AD

The Falvian Amphitheatre was finished being built. It was designed solely for the entertainment of Roman citizens.

Bread and Circuses

300

Would happen about 175 times a year as a result of the Roman empire attempting to keep the lower class people from causing havoc on society by providing them with entertainment.

The ancient Olympic Games are abolished

393

Roman Emperor Theodosius abolishes the Games because they were too individualistic for Roman sports.

Sporting for Nobility

Approx. 500 - Approx. 1400

Sports were frowned upon by the Catholic Church, however physical fitness was maintained through manual labour.

Medieval Jousting and the Quintain

Approx. 1000

Armour became stylized in competitions and points systems were introduced. The tournament structure was disapproved by the catholic church and so they formed a milder and less dangerous form of sport called the Quintain

Renaissance Begins

Approx. 1200 - Approx. 1400

The beginning of the rise of humanism.

Physical Activity in Education

Approx. 1200 - Approx. 1600

Most Leading educational theorists agreed that implementing physical activity and sport into education was very important for the education of youth.

Renaissance Ends

Approx. 1498 - Approx. 1600

The end of the rise of humanism.

De Humani Corporis Fabrica

1543

Andreas Vesalius takes ideas from Leonardo DaVinci and creates the first ever human anatomy textbook.

Equestrian Sport Banned

1771

Previously planned by Garrison Officers, British Governor William Campbell banned them to prevent the gambling that occurred at the events.

Equestrian Sport Reintroduced

1808

Only introduced as equestrian trial of speed for gentlemen farmers and upper class gentlemen in order to avoid gambling crowds. These events were called the Garrison Races

Rugby is Created

1823

The modern day game of Rugby is invented by William Webb Ellis, who was a student at Rugby School. While outside playing football (soccer) with his classmates, Ellis decided to pick up the ball with his hands and run down the field, hence creating a new sport.

Halifax Harbour Regattas

1826

Regattas were organized by the Navy and ran regularly.

The First Game of Baseball - Beachville, ON

1838

A year before the Abner Doubleday myth is said to have the first baseball game in Cooperstown, NY, the first game was proven to be played in Beachville, ON, CA.

The "First" Game of Baseball - Cooperstown, NY

1839

According to the Doubleday Myth, Abner Doubleday "invents" the game of baseball in Cooperstown, NY.

The Knickerbocker Rules

1845

Based on Adam Fords square shaped diamond and his rules set in 1838, Alexander Cartwright develops a new diamond shape field and rules.

Soldiers Games at Point Pleasant

1856

The Sergeants of the 76th Regiment organized the Soldier Games at Point Pleasant that included sports such as running, extraordinary leaping, and other sundry sport forms.

Troy Treasures Found

1873

Heinrich Schliemann and his wife found the lost Treasures of Troy

Montreal Amateur Athletic Association (MAAA) Formed

1881

Formed by the working class, the MAAA accounts for the associations power in Canadian sport.

Amateur Athletic Association of Canada (AAU) Formed

1884

Elected by the MAAA, they worked with the MAAA in separating amateurs from professionals.

Restoration of the Olympics Games

1894

A decision was made at the Sorbonne Congress to restore the Olympic Games but to put some new rules on it.

First Modern Olympic Games

1896

Held in Athens, Greece. Pierre de Coubertin knew that he needed to make ties back to the Ancient Olympic Games and so he began them where they ended. Excavation was done in order to use the exact site of the Ancient Olympic Games stadium.

Women Could Participate in Some Olympic Events

1900

During the Second Modern Olympic Games, women were accepted to participate in the "feminine" events of the Olympics, despite Coubertin's neglecting the idea.

The Mills Commision

1905

After British Editor Henry Chadwick writes an article in 1903 claiming that baseball was not invented in Cooperstown, NY by Abner Doubleday, the Mills Commission was appointed in order to determine the origin of the game of baseball, whether it be English or American.

Amateur Athletic Federation of Canada (AAF) Formed

1906

The MAAA broke the ties they held with the AAU and formed the AAF that was more interested in growing professionalism as oppose to amateurism.

The Mills Commission Decision

1907

After a three year study, it is concluded that the first game of Baseball was devised by Abner Doubleday in Cooperstown, New York, in 1839.

AAU Beats AAF

1909

The AAU wins the competition against the Amateur Athletic Federation of Canada (AAF) for the fight AGAINST liberalization. The victory allows for amateurism to be more prominent over professionalism.

Women Equal to Men in the Olympic Games

1984

Pressure was applied to the International Olympic Committee that finally enabled women to participate in all events that men could.