Social Studies Timeline

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The London Company

1607

Sent a party of 144 men were sent to colonize Virginia.

Jamestown

1607

A colony on a peninsula extending from the river's northern bank.

Powhatan

1607

The leader of a powerful clan near where Jamestown was located,

Captain John Smith

1608

Became a leader, leading Jamestown out of extinction.

Starving Time

1609 - 1610

A winter in Jamestown that was considered one of the worst periods of time.

Lord De La Warr.

1610

A governor in Jamestown who had disciplined rules and laws for people to follow.

John Rolfe

1612

Started the tobacco companies by experimenting with tobacco for the Indians.

"Headright"

1618

Fifty acres of free land, as long as you were able to use it.

House of Burgesses

1619

The first meeting of an elected legislature.

Mayflower Compact

1620

Established a civil government and proclaimed their allegiance to the king.

Plymouth Rock

1620

The pilgrims stepped ashore on Plymouth Rock.

Squanto

1621

Helped the pilgrims survive in their new territory

William Bradford

1621

William Bradford was chosen again and again as governor.

Miles Standish

1622

A leader of the colony, who established a military regime.

Puritans

1629

People who wanted to start their religion in the New World.

"A city upon a hill"

1629

A place that could serve as a model for the rest of the world.

Massachusetts Bay Colony

1629

A new colony established in the New World.

John Winthrop

1629

A young man to lead the way to the New World for the Puritans.

George Calvert

1632

He loved the idea of Virginia, which was created by his son.

Anne Hutchinson

1637

A woman who believed women should be able to partake in religious authority.

Pequot War

1637

A war between the Pequots and the Indians/English settlers, in a total war.

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

1639

Gave a larger Proportion of the men the right to vote and hold office.

Fundamental Articles of New Haven

1639

A religious based government that was extremely strict.

Sir William Berkeley

1642

Arrived in Virginia and was appointed Governor.

English Civil Wr

1642

The forces of the Parliament rebelled against the King's men.

"Praying Indians"

1643

Native Americans who switched to christianity.

Rhode Island

1644

Dissidents followed him to what would become Rhode Island.

Rodger Williams-

1644

He declared he wanted the church and state to be separated, banished for such a thought.

Act Concerning Religion"

1649

Assured freedom of worship to all Christians.

Oliver Cromwell

1649

Became the Roundhead leader and called himself the "protector."

Society of Friends

1649

People with the same religion and had their own social order, These people were the English Protestants.

"Inner Light"

1649

Guide all people along the path of righteousness.

Proprietary Ventures

1660

Charles the second appoints the new colonies with being a piece of land owned by one person.

Navigation Act #1

1660

Closed the colonies to all trade except carried in English Ships.

Navigation Act #2

1663

Provided that all goods shipped from Europe to the colonies had to pass through England first, so England can tax them.

Mercantile System

1663

The principal goal was to increase the wealth of the nation

Peter Stuyvasent

1664

A governor who was unable to mobilize resistance to the invasion in New York.

Articles of Capitulation , "Patroons"

1664

The dutch would surrender, but the Dutch people would not be displaced. These people were the "patroons."

Fundamental Constitution for Carolina

1669

Created and elaborate system of land distribution and elaborately designed social order.

Navigation Act #3

1673

You needed to be passed through a custom official before heading to the colonies.

Nathaniel Bacon

1673

Started to fight back against the Indians, not caring about Berkeley’s orders.

William Penn

1674

The son of an admiral who was a landlord of valuable Irish estates.

King Phillip's War

1675

The same combatants as the Pequot war, and there was total war as well.

Metacomet

1675

Helped the Indians because he did not believe in the English incursions.

Flintlock Rifle

1676

A new rifle which replaced the old colonial musketry.

James Oglethrope

1686

A member of Parliament and military hero.

Dominion of New England

1686

Combined the government of Massachusetts with governments of the rest of the New England colonies.

Glorious Revolution

1688

Bostonians overthrew James the second.

John Coode

1689

He started a new revolt as head of an organization.

Jacob Leisler

1691

A German immigrant and a prosperous merchant who married into a prominent Dutch family.

Charter of Liberties

1701

It greatly limited the authority of the proprietor.