The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction
Relates technology to film
The Question Concerning Technology
Attempt to answer "essence" of technology by revealing
Saarinen (Perspecta 7)
International Style is too simple
Function & Structure is in the Zeitgeist
Building partis should be all-encompasing
The Future of the Past
Modernists disregard history and precedent
2nd Gen. modernists emphasize structure, precedent, regionalism
Rudofsky, "Architecture without Architects"
Vernacular architecture is not built by designers, but rather by laymen to meet their needs
Universal Civilization and National Cultures, in Architectural Regionalism
Complexity and Contradiction in Achitecture
Venturi & Scott-Brown
Advocates complexity and rejects the glass box - less is a bore
Arch. should not oversimplify everything, should solve all problems at once
Rejects the free plan and advocates "things within things" plan.
"House Form and Culture"
Vernacular architecture acts as context to the high style buildings
Vernacular buildings have a type which can be altered as needed
Vernacular buildings are best analyzed by construction techniques
A&P Parking Lots or Learning from Las Vegas
Venturi & Scott-Brown
Architecture is influenced by the speed of the car
Advocates the use of the 'decorated shed" over the "duck"
An architecture of communication over an architecture of space
1973, 1975, 1978
Collage is the ideal way to make a city
Cities should remind us of the past but look towards the future
Foxes vs Hedgehogs
Yi Fu Tuan
Norberg-Schulz, "The Phenomenon of Place"
Phenomenology makes architecture meaningful
Introduces genius loci - the spirit of the place
Geoffrey Broadbent, "A Plain Man's Guide to the Theory of Signs in Architecture"
"Heidegger's Thinking on Architecture"
Heidegger's purpose of architecture: provide a orientation in space and identification with specific character of a place
Norberg Schulz: architecture makes world visible and spatial, gathering its presence as a thing
Three Kinds of Historicism
HIstoricism studies institutions in their historical context
Arch. should use history to guide design but improve upon it.
History should be viewed subjectively to be properly examined
Prospects of Critical Regionalism
Design should respond to local social, political, economical, and environmental problems and conditions
Design should be regional, not universal
Technology and the Character of Contemporary Life
Solution: Deictic Discourse
"The Geometry of Feeling: A Look at the Phenomenology of Architecture"
Experience with association of space
Should influence emotional feelings
"Introduction: Notes Towards a Theory of Architectural Disjunction"
Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience
Yi Fu Tuan
The body as the scale for everything
Feminist Approach to Architecture: Acknowledging Women's Ways of Knowing
Male vs female way of knowing
Why Critical Regionalism Today
Tzonis and Lefaivre:
Coins the term critical regionalism
Region is no longer static
Commit to placelessness
Congress for New Urbanism
Date that founded New Urbanism by Duany and Plater-Zyberk
E. Relph, Sense of Place
Gender, Space Architecture
Looking at sexism in the practice
Mallgrave and Goodman
Modernism didn't die out in the 1970s. It was still used in large-scale commercial projects
Shows examples of tech and engineering driving aesthetics.
Architecture Means and Ends
Finding ways to transform mechanical order
Legitimating mechanical as material
Artist moves from goal to process