ARCH 577 Exam 2Readings Timeline

Events

The Panopticon

1787

Bentham

The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction

1936

Walter Benjamin

Relates technology to film

The Question Concerning Technology

1954

Heidegger

Attempt to answer "essence" of technology by revealing
Instrumental Theory
Substantive Theory
Pluralist Theory

Saarinen (Perspecta 7)

1961

Saarinen

International Style is too simple
Function & Structure is in the Zeitgeist
Building partis should be all-encompasing

The Future of the Past

1961

Sibyl Moholy-Nagay
Modernists disregard history and precedent
2nd Gen. modernists emphasize structure, precedent, regionalism

Rudofsky, "Architecture without Architects"

1964

Rudofsky

Vernacular architecture is not built by designers, but rather by laymen to meet their needs

Universal Civilization and National Cultures, in Architectural Regionalism

1965

Ricoeur

Complexity and Contradiction in Achitecture

1966

Venturi & Scott-Brown
Advocates complexity and rejects the glass box - less is a bore
Arch. should not oversimplify everything, should solve all problems at once
Rejects the free plan and advocates "things within things" plan.

"House Form and Culture"

1969

A. Rapoport

Vernacular architecture acts as context to the high style buildings
Vernacular buildings have a type which can be altered as needed
Vernacular buildings are best analyzed by construction techniques

A&P Parking Lots or Learning from Las Vegas

1972

Venturi & Scott-Brown
Architecture is influenced by the speed of the car
Advocates the use of the 'decorated shed" over the "duck"
An architecture of communication over an architecture of space

Collage City

1973

Collin Rowe

1973, 1975, 1978
Collage is the ideal way to make a city
Cities should remind us of the past but look towards the future
Foxes vs Hedgehogs

"Topophilia"

1974

Yi Fu Tuan

Norberg-Schulz, "The Phenomenon of Place"

1976

Phenomenology makes architecture meaningful
Introduces genius loci - the spirit of the place

Geoffrey Broadbent, "A Plain Man's Guide to the Theory of Signs in Architecture"

Approx. 1977

Prospects of Critical Regionalism

1983

Kenneth Frampton:
Design should respond to local social, political, economical, and environmental problems and conditions
Design should be regional, not universal

Three Kinds of Historicism

1983

Alan Colquhoun:
HIstoricism studies institutions in their historical context
Arch. should use history to guide design but improve upon it.
History should be viewed subjectively to be properly examined

"Heidegger's Thinking on Architecture"

1983

Norberg-Schulz

Heidegger's purpose of architecture: provide a orientation in space and identification with specific character of a place
Norberg Schulz: architecture makes world visible and spatial, gathering its presence as a thing

Technology and the Character of Contemporary Life

1984

Borgman

Device Paradigm
Solution: Deictic Discourse

"The Geometry of Feeling: A Look at the Phenomenology of Architecture"

1986

Juhani Pallasma

Experience with association of space
Should influence emotional feelings

"Introduction: Notes Towards a Theory of Architectural Disjunction"

1988

Bernard Tschumi

Feminist Approach to Architecture: Acknowledging Women's Ways of Knowing

1989

Frank

Male vs female way of knowing
Male: separation
Female: inclusion

Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience

1989

Yi Fu Tuan

The body as the scale for everything

Why Critical Regionalism Today

1990

Tzonis and Lefaivre:

Coins the term critical regionalism
Region is no longer static
Commit to placelessness

Congress for New Urbanism

1993

Date that founded New Urbanism by Duany and Plater-Zyberk

E. Relph, Sense of Place

1997

Gender, Space Architecture

2000

Rendell

Looking at sexism in the practice

Modernism Abides

2001

Mallgrave and Goodman
Modernism didn't die out in the 1970s. It was still used in large-scale commercial projects
Shows examples of tech and engineering driving aesthetics.

Architecture Means and Ends

2010

Gregotti

Finding ways to transform mechanical order
Legitimating mechanical as material
Artist moves from goal to process