Syria belonged to the Ottoman Empire.
The Arab Revolt started in hopes of gaining independence from the Ottoman Empire.
Emir Feisal backs Arab self-rule from the Ottoman Empire.
Syria is officially deemed a free nation.
The last French troops leave Syria.
Army officer Adib al-Shishakhli seizes power in the third military coup within one year.
Syria and Egypt join the United Arab Republic. In addition, unrest causes a Syrian Army to seize power in Damascus and dissolve the union.
Israeli forces seize the Golan Heights from Syria and destroy much of Syria's air force in the Six Day War with Egypt, Jordan and Syria.
Hafez al-Assad overthrows president Nur al-Din al-Atasi and imprisons Salah Jadid.
Rioting breaks out after Assad drops the constitutional requirement that the president must be a Muslim. He is accused of heading an atheist regime. The riots are suppressed by the army.
Syrian army intervenes in the Lebanese civil war to ensure that the status quo is maintained, and the Maronites remain in power.
Israel annexes the Golan Heights. In addition, the Muslim Brotherhood uprising in the city of Hama. The revolt is suppressed by the military, whom rights organisations accuse of killing tens of thousands of civilians.
Assad sends troops into Lebanon for a second time to enforce a ceasefire in Beirut.
The Taif Agreement helps to end the Lebanon Civil War.
Iraq invades Kuwait; Syria joins the US-led coalition against Iraq. This leads to improved relations with Egypt and the US. Furthermore, Syria participates in the Middle East peace conference in Madrid and holds talks with Israel that founder over the Golan Heights issue.
Outlawed Muslim Brotherhood says it will resume political activity, 20 years after its leaders were forced to flee.
US threatens sanctions if Damascus fails to take what Washington calls the "right decisions". Syria denies US allegations that it is developing chemical weapons and helping fugitive Iraqis. In addition, President Assad appoints Mohammed Naji al-Otari prime minister. Also, an Israeli air strike against Palestinian militant camp near Damascus. Syria says action is "military aggression".
US imposes economic sanctions on Syria over what it calls its support for terrorism and failure to stop militants entering Iraq. Furthermore, the UN Security Council resolution calls for all foreign forces to leave Lebanon.
Tensions with the US escalate after the killing of former Lebanese PM Hariri in Beirut. Washington cites Syrian influence in Lebanon. Damascus is urged to withdraw its forces from Lebanon, which it does by April.