Setting out from peru, Diego de Almagro leads first spanish expedition to explore and conquer the lands of present-day chile; two-year journey, filled with hardships, is largely unsuccessful.
Pedro de valdivia resumes spanish efforts to conquer Chile
After slowly pushing the Araucanians south past the Bio-Bio River, founding various settlement, and serrving as Chile's first colonial governor, valdivia is killed in fighting with the indians.
Araucanian resistance forces the spanish North of the Bio-Bio
River, a line of seperation that will remain until the 1800's.
Large agricultural estates develop in Chile
Professing their loyalty to Ferdinand VII, a group of chileans sezes the goverment of their colony on sept 18, soon Jose Miguel Carera and Bernard O'Higgins emerge as rivals in the fight for full independence from spain
under the leadership of O'Higgins, Chileans declare their independence from spain on Febuary 12,
O'Higgins is ousted and forced and into exile in peru
Chile fights peru and Bolivia in the war of the pacific ; by winning that war, chile expands its territory Northward by almost one-third
Chilean government signs a treaty with Argentina confirming chilean sovereignty over the strait of magellan, the primary sea-lane connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
European immigrants arrive in Large numbers in Chile
By a slim margin voters elect Dr. Salvador Allende, a socialist intellectual who believes that workers should control the production of goods and services
The military, led by General Augusto pinochet, storms the presidential palace on sept 11, Allende dies during the fighting. Pinochet becomes military dictator
A new constitution is approved by a plebiscite and General Pinochet becomes president of the Republic for an eight-year term.
In another plebscite, Chileans vote for elections to choose a new president and the majority of memberss of a two-chamber congress, Pinochet is turned out.
Voters elect Christian Democrat Patricio Aylwin, the candidate of a coalition of 17 political parties, to the presidency in December.
Pinochet is arrested in London on a warrant by a spanish judge investigating violations of human rights in Chile, but he is later declared too ill to stand trial: in Chile, Bi Cardo Lagos escobar wins a narrow victory in presidential elections.
An appeals court in Chile rules Augusto Pinochet, under house arrest since December. 200, mentally unfit to be tried for killings commited under his Regime.
Santiago hosts the Unitedd Nations Convention on Trade in Endangered Species.
Chile signs a trade aggreement with the United States
Former minister of Defense Michelle Bachelet Jeria is electted president; Augusto Pinochet dies of heart failure