Taking tribes into account while drafting Constitution
The tribes were thought about for an alliance purpose or foreign relations matter during this time of the Revolutionary War. The tribes joined the British to fight against the Americans
The French made this purpose in 1803, sparking the western turn. This doubled the size of the United states and more people moved west. (ABC-CLIO: Westward Expansion, 1790-1850)
Indian Removal Act
Passed by President Andrew Jackson to move the Native Americans from the Louisiana Territory (because of the Mexican-American war). (ABC-CLIO: Westward Expansion, 1790-1850)
Treaties for removal of Native Americans
1830 - 1832
Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek (1830) and Treaty of Payne's Landing (1832) were two treaties in which the federal government claimed the Native's land east of the Mississippi River and in return they gave the Natives present day Oklahoma.
ABC-CLIO: Indian Removal
Senate Passes the Removal of the Indian Removal Act
April 26, 1830
The House passed the bill on May 24, 1830 and President Jackson signed the bill on May 28, 1830. (ABC-CLIO: Indian Removal, 1790-1850)
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
John Marshal led this case to saying that the Cherokee Nation was not a foreign state and that they were under the protection of the U.S government.
Worcester v. Georgia
John Marshal again led this case to saying that Georgia laws interfered with the Georgian affairs.
1845 - 1848
America took California and Texas from Mexico for 15 million dollars. (ABC-CLIO: Westward Expansion, 1790-1850)
Tribes forced off their land
The tribes tried to hold down their own fort and keep their land, until the U.S. calvary went in and blocked their food and water supply. So this led to them having to leave and be dumped on this land.
Bear Shield suffering
December 25, 1878
Standing Bear's son was suffering on the floor of his tent and all his son wanted was for his father to bury him in their sacred homeland, the White Chalk Buffs.
Burial of Bear Shield
January 2, 1879
Standing Bear dressed Bear Shield in his finest clothes and wraps him in a buffalo robe. He begins on the 600 mile journey to bury his son, but gets arrested before he can get there.
Natives legally defined as wards of the government
The Natives aren't legally defined as people or citizens. They left their government reservation without permission, which was a violation of the law
Standing Bear won case
May 12, 1879
Standing Bear won his case and the judge had stated that Indians from now on were all regarded as a person
General Allotment Act
Passed by U.S. congress to let the government take over the other tribal lands.
Native Americans considered citizens of the U.S.
1924, 50 years after the case, Native Americans were finally considered citizens. Indian Citizenship Act.
Native Americans got the Right to Vote
New Mexico was the last to give the Native Americans the right to vote. Took a while for the states to have an agreement.