American mercenary William Walker is hired by a Nicaraguan political party to topple the president; he takes control of the government and sets himself up as president; he is outsed the next year.
Dictator Jose Santos Zelaya is overthrown in Nicaragua; chaos and instability follow, leading to US financial and military intervention.
Potential peace accord among fighting factions in Nicaragua probides basis for US occupation and subsequent elections.
General Anastasio Somoza Garcia in named director of the new National Guard in Nicaragua; the US Marines withdraw.
The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) is founded in Nicaragua.
the US ends aid to Nicaragua after finding evidence that Nicaragua, Cuba, and the Soviet Union are supplying arms to rebels in El Salvador.
Peace talks between the Sandinistas and Contras break down; Ortega confirms rumors that the Soviets plan to increase military aid to Nicaragua.
Arnoldo Alemán is inaugurated as president, thus completing the first democratic and peaceful transfer of the presidency in Nicaragua's history.
Enrique Bolaños takes office as president of Nicaragua.
A 5.9 magnitude earthquake off the Pacific Coast causes damage to coastal communities near Nicaragua's border with Costa Rica.