Block 1 Spanish I Steven McNew Guayaquil, Ecuador


Inca empire is conquered; Spain colonizes Ecuador

1530 - 1540

The Inca conquered the native tribes of Ecuador in the fifteenth century A.D., absorbing the tribes into their empire. In the 1530s, famed conquistador Francisco Pizarro led Spain in conquering the Inca empire and colonizing Ecuador.

Simón Bolívar meets leaders in Guayaquil; establishes Rep. of Greater Columbia

July 24, 1822

Simón Bolívar was a Venezuelan leader who successfully obtained independence for Ecuador and other surrounding areas, freeing them from Spanish rule. He met with Argentinean rebel leader José de San Martín and other leaders in Guayaquil, Ecuador on this date. Here, he convinced them to establish the Republic of Greater Columbia.

Ecuador leaves Rep. of Greater Columbia; Drafts constitution

September 23, 1830

Ecuador left the Republic of Greater Ecuador on September 23, 1830, adopting its own constitution and becoming independent.

Ecuador's first president is overthrown


General Juan José Flores, the first president of the country of Ecuador, was overthrown, beginning an era of unrest and dischord in the country.

Gabriel García Moreno re-unites Ecuador after two years of struggle


Moreno reunited Ecuador. Ecuador had been in turmoil; it had almost fallen apart by 1858, and Peruvian troops had begun attempting an invasion. By reuniting his people, Moreno was able to defeat the Peruvians.

Ecuador begins to flourish economically

1880 - 1899

In the last part of the 19th century, Ecuador begins to have a flourishing economy, largely due to the country's heavy exports of cocoa.

Military junta asserts power over Ecuador

1963 - 1966

Ecuador's government had long been a very shifty system, constantly changing, and almost as constantly filled with corruption. In 1948, a period of stable, democratic government began. This lasted until around 1963, where militant rule was reintroduced in the country.

Ecuador's economy begins to prosper through oil

1970 - 1980

Ecuador's economy had shifted with the times, and the cash crop had as well. Their cash crop was first cocoa, but then that fell out of favor. Their second was bananas, which also had become less important. Now, they tried something else: oil. It worked; they prospered for around 10 years.

Peru begins fighting with Ecuador over a border dispute

1995 - October 26, 1998

A border dispute that dated back to colonial times led to Ecuador ande Peru fighting.

Peace Agreements of Brasília end fighting between Ecuador and Peru

October 26, 1998

Their fighting over the border dispute ended with the Peace Agreements.

Ecuador's polotics are still turbulent

2000 - present day

In recent times, Ecuadorian politics has entered a particularly turbulent state, and power is still shifty or in the hands of corrupt individuals.