Rodrigo de Bastidas founds Santa Marta, South America's first permanet settlement.
Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada defeats the Chibcha, and names Conquered territory New Granada; Then founds the town of Bogota.
Panama withdraws form Grand Colombia.
The beginning of La Violencia ( the Violence ), A civil war that results in the deaths of about 200,000.
Peace talks between the government and the Guerilla group FARC break down, Alvaro Uribe is elected president on a platform of making the country safe from Guerilla violence.
A Referndum seeking support for President Uribe's polictial reforms is voted down.
Alvaro Uribe is re-elected President.
Colombian military spies liberate 15 FARC hostages, including former preidential canidate Ingrid Betancourt.