Supreme Court Case Study

Events

Baker vs Carr

1960 - May 1962

Landmark Supreme Court decision where the court ruled that the legislative districts be redrawn in Tennessee to reflect the population shift. The court felt this lack of distriction was a violation of the Equal Protection of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Baker vs Carr decision

March 26, 1962

Date in which the Supreme Court ruled in a 5-4 majority that the legislative districts in Tennessee were unconstitutional and needed redistriction.

Reynolds vs Sims

Nov 1962 - June 1964

Supreme Court decision in which the Supreme Court reaffirmed the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to keep legislative districts up to date and fair.

JFK assassinated

November 22, 1963

President Kennedy killed after short term in office, sending America into shock

Reynolds vs Sims decision

June 16, 1964

Date when the Supreme Court ruled in a 8-1 majority that Alabama's districts were out of date and needed redistricted.

Neil Armstrong walks on the moon

July 1969

Armstrong becomes the first human to ever step foot in space, on another celestial body

Vietnam War ends

April 30, 1975

Following the US pulling out of the war and giving way to communism

Team USA "Miracle on Ice"

February 22, 1980

Team USA defeats the Soviet Union at the 1980 Olympics to win Gold Medal

Shaw vs Reno

1992 - June 1993

Supreme Court decision where the Court ruled that the redistricted areas in North Carolina were racist and unconstitutional. Similar to the other cases, this was considered a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment, more specifically the Equal Protection Clause.

Shaw vs Reno decision

June 28, 1993

Date when the Supreme Court ruled in a 5-4 majority that Alabama's new districts did not follow the Equal Protection Clause