The Industrial Revolution, which took place from the 17th to 19th centuries, was a period during which rural societies in EU and America became industrial and urban. Prior to which, manufacture was often done in multitude’s homes, using hand tools or basic machines. Industrialization marked a shift to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and volume yield. The iron and textile industries, along with the ontogenesis of the steam engine, played central roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved systems of transportation, communication and banking. While industrialization brought about an increased volume and variety show of manufactured trade good and an improved standard of living for some, it also resulted in often grim employment and living conditions for the poor people and working classes.
Before the Industrial Revolution, most people resided in small, rural communities instead of urban, where their daily existences revolved around farming. Life for the average person was difficult, as incomes were meager, and diseases were common. People produced the bulk of their own food, clothing, furniture and tools. Most manufacturing was done in homes or small, rural shops, using hand tools or simple machines.