1820's-1850's Jacksonian Democracy to The compromise of 1850

Social

2nd Great Awakening

1790 - 1830
  • revival of religious ferver -growth of methodists and baptists -begins in the north b/c rapid social change with increase in population -politicize women

Working Class Reform

1828 - 1832

dozens of workingmen's parties arose
supported free, tax supported school
free public lands int he west
equal rights for the poor

Labor Union Formation

1834

National Trades Union was formed

Transcendentalism

1840 - 1850
  • philosophical movement -new england elite -looked toward nature & inward self reflectio

The Asylum reform

1843

Dorothea Dix reported against the insane asylum
demanded better treatment of patients

1st Perfectionist society

1848

Noyes and his 51 devoted followers founded a perfectionist colony in New York

1st womens right conference

1848

Held in seneca Falls NY

Politics/Presidency

Era of Good Feelings

1817 - 1825

Fall of the Federalist party
One part system
desire for unity

Missouri Compromise

1820

prohibited slavery north of 36'30 line
missouri was in the north
north slave states and south slave state
meant to keep congressional balance

Monroe Doctrine

1823

Europeans should stay out of the western hempisphere
do not colonize north or south america, or us intervention will be necessary

Election of 1824

1824 - 1825

4 candidates:
Jackson
Adams
Clay
John Q Adams
William Crawford

Jackson won the popular vote and clay knew he wasn't going to win, so he made a deal with Adams= give me a position in government and I will give you supporters to win the election

Clay's American Plan

1827

roads & canals
preservation of the 2nd bank

Gag Rule

1836

CAN WE STOP TALKING ABOUT SLAVERY!!
nothing is getting done

1837 Panic

1837

Van Buren
Economic depression
record unemployment

Willmont's Proviso

1843

no territory from the mexican american war will have slavery
calhoun got mad in 1847! government has the right to protect slavery

Calhoun vs. Clay Debate

1844

Debate of texas statehood
should it be a state?
free or slave state- it would throw off the balance

Election of 1848

1848

-Taylor- whig expansionist- does not support slavery in territories
so he wins and then he dies
-popular sovereignty- Cass( MI)
Democratic nominee
-Calhoun tried to make own southern party
-Free soil party(Whigs and Dems)- free speech free soil, free labor

Compromise of 1850

1850

Originally called the omnibus bill drafted by Clay but upstarted by Steven Douglass
1) CA enters as a free state
2)New Mexico/SW territories can decide by state about everything- create gov. by popular vote
3) Texas/ NM border settled w/land going to NM but texas get 10 million to pay back mexico
4)slave trade( but not slavery) abolished in DC
5)stronger fugitive slave law

Kansas and Nebraska Act

1854

Whig Party final disintegration when they chose to support democrats
Stephen Douglas' Nebraska Bill
-organized the nebraska territory including Kansas

-douglas's bill recommended using popular sovereignty in organizing kansas and nebraska

I Know Nothing Party

1854
  • anti catholic party

Competing for Kansas

1855

in 1855 1200 New Englanders migrated to Kansas
then a ton of missouri people migrates & it became pro slavery & northerners were upset
both sides saw kasas as a holy battleground

Three Party Race

1856

I Know nothing party nominated Fillmore
Republicans chose Fremont
Democrats nominated Buchanan

Buchanan won = no more I know Nothing Party

Jackson Era

Spoils System

1825 - 1836

All of your cronies get to be in office

Tariff of Abomination

1828

protective tariff to protect northern industry
- taxed southern exports and imports
-the south relied on imports and exports
- south carolina saw it as unconstitutuional

Universal suffrage

1828 - 1836

all white men could go vote

Bank War

1829 - 1837

-Jackson hated federal banks
-refused to renew the 2nd bank charter
- transferred $ to pet banks

-caused panic= people wanted to get their $ out of the bank, but it wasn't there

Indian Removal Act

1830

NA out
completely ignored marshall courts
relocate to the west
trail of tears

Ordinance of nullification

1832

we can declare a federal law void in a state
SC wanted to ignore the tariff

Force Bill

1833

SC refused to pay the tariff
Jackson enacted this bill saying he has control over the militia, so he can make them pay

Nullification Crisis

1833

Sectional Crisis under Jackson over the tariff

Species Circular Act

1836

you must use hard cash and coins to buy federal lands

Expansionism

Gold Rush

1849

mostly unmarried men looking to strike it rich
few actually succeeded
racism and racial tension in the camps
new settlers in cali

Fort Laramie Council, 1851

1851

tribal council convened at fort laramie
whites told the gathered tribes that times have changed
showed no change will probably occur

Gadsen Purchase

1853

purchased another chunk from Mexico

Bleeding Kansas

May 1856

supported by a pro southern federal marshal, a mon entered Lawrence, smashed the offices and presses of a free- soil newspaper & destroyed homes & shops
John Brown led a small new england band to proslavery settlement and hacked 5 men to death.

Texas and Mexico

Mexico Independence

1810 - 1821

Mexican independence from spain
lots of land but few people
external and international wars occuring

Opening the Borders

1810 - 1830

Looking for more people to strengthen gov. mexico decided to open their borders to us settlers
-no slavery in texas
- convert to catholicism & swear allegiance to Mexico

Close Borders

1830

Texas closes its borders to white people because too many whites colonized in texas and did not pledge allegiance to mexico

Texas' Constitution

1835

drafted constitution @ san felipe

Opened Hostilities

october 1835

skirmish between colonial militia and mexican forces

The Alamo

1836

The general Santa Anna and his Mexican army defeated the texans in the battle of the alamo in texas
almost all texans died
-annas cruelty lead to more support from the US and more inspiration of Texans

Santa Anna Defeated

1836

april- battle of san jacinto
santa anna defeated

Texas Independence

1845

texas annexation

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

1848

rio grande became the separating line between Mexico and The US
California and the southwest goes to america

Slavery

Nat Turner Revolts

1831

Slave revolt that killed 55 people
many blacks killed in retribution

Repealed Gag rule

1844

John Quincy Adams