Rawanda Genocide

Events

Belgiums receive a Mandate to govern Rawanda

1916 - 1962

During this event the Belgiums adopt a Pro-Tutsi government similar to their German predecessors. There is little distinction between Tutsi and Hutu groups

Belgians enforce a class divide

1933

Belgians issue a passbook that create a class divide amongst the Rwandan people

Hutu Revolt

1959 - 1961

The Hutu majority lead a revolt against the governing powers of Tutsi and Belgians. A compromise is met and the minority Tutsi monarchy is abolished. In fear 300,000 Tutsis flee to neighboring countries. The Hutu's are reinstated into power.

Juvénal Habyarimana coup

1973 - 1994

A bloodless coup initiated by Juvénal Habyarimana takes place in which the military leader becomes dictator

The RPF is formed

1988

The Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) is formed in Uganda from Tutsi refugees. Paul Kagame is one of the members.

RPF initiate a civil war

1990 - 1991

The RPF lead minor attacks against the government inflicting terror. The conflict is resolved in agreement in which multiple parties may run for congress.

Somalia Peacekeeping mission

1992

This mission was a massive failure as the U.N. spent billions and became involved in the war extending their mandate to this year. This lowered public opinion of the U.N. decreasing the peacekeeping budget.

Rwandan economy inflates

1992 - 1996

Excessive investments into the coffee business and a decline in demand caused the economy to tumble. Additionally drought caused food supply to drop and inflation essentially destroyed newly implemented savings. This uproar was directed towards Tutsi business men.

Arusha Accords

1993

The Arusha accords are agreed upon that allow both Tutsi and Hutu to run for any government position.

RTML strengthens divide

1993

RTLM (Radio Télévison des Milles Collines) begins broadcasting and spreading hate towards Tutsi

Rawanda Genocide

April 1994 - July 1994

An expected 800,000 people are killed in the span of a 100 days. Although majority were Tutsi with an expected one in three surviving an additional 200,000 moderate Hutu were also expected to have been killed.

Paul Kagame address' the U.N.

December 15, 1994

The newly instated, vice president Paul Kagame address the U.N. about the political climate in Rwanda and the further need for aid within the divided country. Particularly the accurate processing of convicted war criminals and to support the decimated economy.

Honoring Back Loans

1995 - 1998

The agreement to pay for loans provided for war funds handicapped the economy and minimizing growth.

Linda Merlven publishes "A people betrayed"

1997

This book outlined the atrocities committed in the genocide and sparked public interest leading to an internal investigation.

U.N. policy investigation

December 14, 1999 - July 20, 2000

A committee comprised of the former Swedish Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson, South Korean Foreign Minister Han Sung-Joo and Maj. Gen. Rufus Modupe Kupolati of Nigeria. Investigated the U.N.'s and member states's failure to intervene in the Rwanda genocide. They concluded that a bigger budget be put into peacekeeping missions to ensure success and for this reason the Rwanda genocide could not be prevented considering diluted budget from previously failed peacekeeping missions.

Paul Kagame becomes president

2000

Roméo Dallaire publishes "Shaking hands with the devil"

2003

This book outlined the General's inability to act due to his limited resources and the chain of commands desire to let the conflict pursue due to self-inetrest.

A final celebration

March 2014

A celebration lasted throughout the month as Tutsis and Hutus forgave each other ending an final resent nearly 20 years past