Charles Perkins vs. Martin Luther King Jr.

Events

Birth of Martin Luther King Jr.

January 15, 1929

Martin Luther King Jr. is born in Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America in 1929 where he was formerly known as Michael Luther King Jr.

Michael King to Martin Luther King

Approx. 1934

Five years after his birth, King's father, Michael King Sr. who was a pastor at Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church travelled to Germany and in his time there became inspired by the Protestant Reformation leader Martin Luther. it was that point in which he took the opportunity to change his own name and that of his son to Martin Luther King.

Birth of Charles Perkins

June 16, 1936

Charles Perkins is born in Alice Springs, NT, Australia.

Studies at Morehouse College

September 20, 1944 - June 8, 1948

King attends Morehouse College in the fall of 1944 at age 15 due to skipping years nine and twelve prior. He later receives his bachelor of arts degree in sociology four years later on the 8th of June 1948.

Moves to Adelaide

Approx. 1946

At the young age of 10, due to reasons concerning his nationality, Perkins is removed from home and sent to Adelaide for schooling.

Letter to the Editor

August 6, 1946

In the midst of his sophomore year at college, King took it upon himself, inspired by the inequality that was of constant occurrence, to write a letter to Atlanta's largest newspaper. The editor published the piece of which targeted its focus on black people and how they "are entitled to the basic rights and opportunities of American citizens." This brief but strong accomplishment was a small step for King towards becoming an activist and widely known leader in the civil rights movement.

Studies at Crozer Theological Seminary

September 14, 1948 - May 6, 1951

King attends Crozer Theological Seminary for three years and later in May 6-8 graduates with a bachelor of divinity degree.

Begins Soccer Career

1950

In the year 1950, Charles begins his career as a soccer player, playing for a team in Adelaide and moving on to play internationally shortly after.

Studies Systematic Theology at Boston University.

September 13, 1951 - June 5, 1955

Kings begins his studies at Boston University in 1951, graduating later in 1955 and was awarded with a doctorate.

Marries Coretta Scott

June 18, 1953

Martin Luther King Jr. marries Coretta Scott on the 18th of June in 1953.

Rosa Parks and Montgomery

December 1, 1955

December 1, 1955. A day remembered in history as the moment that Civil Rights activist, Rosa Parks, refused to give up her seat to a white man whom of which requested she do so on a Montgomery bus. There immediately became a call for a boycott of city buses which was later known to be the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Montgomery Improvement Association

December 5, 1955

Following the bus incident with Rosa Parks, a meeting conducted at the Holt Street Baptist Church it was concluded that the Montgomery Improvement Association would be formed, and with King elected president.

Threatening Phone Call

January 27, 1956 - January 30, 1956

On the 27th of January 1956, in accordance to an account from King within the Stride Toward Freedom, a threatening phone call was made late at night, where he only reacted with the will to persevere. It was only three days later, on the 30th, that his house was bombed whilst he hosted a mass meeting. This was met with an angry crowd, however King responded with a plea for nonviolence.

Bus Segregation Labelled Unconstitutional

November 13, 1956

By decision of the United States Supreme Court, the bus segregation laws of Montgomery and Alabama were deemed unconstitutional.

Integrated Buses in Montgomery

December 21, 1956

With the change in law and assistance of CIvil Rights acitivists such as Parks and King, December 21st 1956 remains the date that Montgomery City Lines resumes all service on every route. Martin Luther King joins in amongst the first passengers to travel via an integrated bus.

Plays for English Football Team

1957 - 1959

Charles asked to train with English football team but instead trains with rival team. After a minor incident, he quit and went on to represent another English team until 1959, after which he then took the opportunity to return to Australia.

Named Chairman of Southern Negro Leaders Conference

January 10, 1957

The ongoing fight against segregation continues as black ministers from the South join in Atlanta for discussion of ideas that could assist with the issue. It was at this point that King was appointed chairman for the Southern Negro Leaders Conference on Transportation and Nonviolent Integration.

King is Arrested for Sit-In

October 19, 1960 - October 27, 1960

After a sit-in demonstration at a department store in Atlanta, King is arrested, sentenced to four months hard labour but is later released not long after with a $2,000 bond. The 27th of October marks his release date and eight days spent in jail.

Marries Eileen Munchenberg

September 23, 1961

Charles Perkins marries Eileen Munchenberg on the 23rd of September 1961.

Studies at University of Sydney

1963 - 1966

Perkins attends University of Sydney for three years from 1963 to 1966. He graduates with a bachelor's degree in arts.

"I Have A Dream"

August 28, 1963

The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom takes place. As civil rights activists and organisations come to support the march, King joins and delivers his famous speech "I Have A Dream"

Receives Nobel Peace Prize

December 10, 1964

For his work and dedication to the civil rights movement, King receives the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

Aboriginal Independence Movement

Approx. 1965

It was in the year of 1965 that Perkins began his involvement in the Aboriginals independence movement against the white Australians.

Freedom Ride

February, 1965

The Civil Rights Movement was becoming prominent within the US, and with inspiration from the freedom rides within the States, a group of University students (known as SAFA) took it upon themselves to form the Australian Freedom Ride of 1965, led by Charles Perkins. They rode on buses that travelled throughout New South Wales, in rural towns with intention to bring attention to the issue of discrimination against Aboriginal people.

Amendment including Indigenous People

Approx. 1967

Perkins, with use of his position as head of Foundation for Aboriginal Affairs, initiated a public poll within Australia that would acknowledge the issues the Aboriginal people faced. With statistics showing 90% of participants in favour of the tribes, an amendment to the constitution as made to allow Indigenous individuals in the censuses.

Death of Martin Luther King Jr.

April 4, 1968

Martin Luther King Jr. is shot and killed on the 4th of April 1968.

Appointed Senior Research Officer

1969

He became Senior Research Officer for the Office of Aboriginal Affairs

Chairman for Aboriginal Development Commission

Approx. 1981 - Approx. 1984

For approximately three years, Perkins was the Chairman for the Aboriginal Development Commission. He utilised his position to form protests towards the government which, at the time, allowed for activities that were referred to as racist.

Appointed Vice-President of Australian Soccer Federation

1987

In 1987, he became the Vice-President of the 'Australian Soccer Federation', and the Chairman of 'Indoor Soccer Federation'. Two years later, he was appointed by the 'Arrernte Council of Central Australia', as their Chairperson.

Death of Charles Perkins

October 19, 2000

Charles Perkins dies on the 19th of October, 2000.