2.01 Historical Timeline

Events

Salem Witch Trials

Approx. February 1692 - May 1693

A group of young women in Salem, Massachusetts, and accused a several local women of witchcraft causing a wave of hysteria spread throughout colonial Massachusetts, Some 150 more men, women and children were accused over the next several months, and many of them were killed. Impacting America in a subtle way, when later in years as the red scare was going on, America viewed as learning from our mistakes.

Revolutionary War

April 19, 1775 - September 3, 1783

Revolutionary War (April 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783) - the armed conflict between Great Britain and thirteen of its North American colonies, which had declared themselves the independent United States of America. It was an American victory, and in effect has given us freedom as an independent nation for many years to come.

Indian Removal Act

May 28, 1830

a law that was signed by President Andrew Jackson, that allowed the president to give unsettled lands west of Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands with the state borders. Few went peacefully and many resisted the new policy. It forced thee expulsion of thousands of Indian Americans from their homes to the west, and event known as the “Trail of Tears”. The impact, continuity of Expansionism, and the increase of tensions between the US and Native American tribes

Civil War

April 12, 1861 - May 9, 1865

The sectional conflict made it so the Union was pitted against the Confederate states of America and in result, more than 620,000 died with millions more that were injured. War broke out on April 12th, 1861among the two sides and ended with Robert E. Lee surrendered on May 9th, 1861. The impact of this war in America was that slavery was effectively ended, and industrialism began as a result.

Emancipation Act

April 16, 1862

It was a law that ended slavery in Washington, D.C., the act was signed by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln on April 16, 1862. Although the Emancipation Act outlawed slavery in theory, the slaves had to wait another four years for simple liberties. Impacting America as a turning point for slaves everywhere.

Prohibition

1920 - 1933

A nationwide ban on the production, importation, transportation and sale of alcoholic beverages, because of a widespread temperance movement. Prohibition was difficult to enforce, as no one truly wanted to enforce it. Congress later constructed a resolution proposing a 21st Amendment to the Constitution that would repeal the 18th. It was ratified by the end of that year, bringing the Prohibition to an end. Its impacted America by giving it guidance for banning and legalizing illicit drugs.

The Great Deppresion

1929 - 1939

The Great Depression began after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent wall street into a frenzy and wiped out thousands of investors. It was the deepest and longest lasting economic downfall in the history of the western world. With Unemployment rates rose to 25% and international trade plummeted by 50%. Roosevelt’s New Deal policies accelerated the recovery, ending the depression in 1939. The Great Depression had an enormous impact on America, where its economy shifted from a free market economy to a mixed economy. As well as the success of the New Deal and the military spending, it allowed people to feel that they could be dependent on the government.

McCarthy hearings

1954

Senator Joseph McCarthy, a notorious anti-communist, held with purpose and intent, hearings to accuse people of being communists, or communist sympathizers. These said people were held to aggressive questioning and investigations. It in a sense, became a witch hunt, that put people in a state of fear, and known today as the red scare. The impact of the red scare left America with an extreme disgust of all communist countries across the world.

Civil Rights Movement

1968

Social movements in the U.S., with intent to end racial discrimination and segregation against the African men and women, as well as to secure federal protection of the citizenship rights, written in the constitution. Major campaigns of civil resistance took place. This movement impacted the entire country in a big way as it ended segregation in public places, and banned employment discrimination based on race, sex, color, or religion.

September 11, 2001

September 11th, 2001

The great tragedy of 9/11, A series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on September 11th, 2001. After such events the international military campaign began, waging a war on terror itself. Although the way the war on terror has been directed, has led to the additional cost of security focused changes, and many concerned on the impact on civil liberties.