Block 1/3/4 Spanish 1/2 Sr. Colley Toledo Spain

Roman Rule

Toledo's name comes from Tollitum which means "raised aloft," since it is a city high up on a hill and surrounded by a river on 3 sides.

Romans Control City

192 BC - 570 AD

Toledo remains under roman control until 570. The build roads, forts, aqueducts and even a circus capable of entertaining up to 13,000 people.

Romans Conquer Toledo

192 BC

Romans win a battle giving them control of the city.

Visigoth Rule

Visigoth Control

569 - 712

Visigoth King Leovigildo Conquers Toledo.

Spain's Capital

589 - 1561

The Visigothic king Recaredo makes Toledo the political and religious capital of Hispania after the abandonment of Arianism and conversion to Catholicism by the Visigoths.

Moorish Control

Muslim Control of Toledo

711 - 1084

Muslims Control Toledo for 373 years. This is a relatively peaceful time for the people living in the city. Christians, Jews and Muslims all occupy the city.

Jewish Presence Recognized

712

Jewish People are recognized as living in the city.

Christian Rule until Spanish Civil War

King Alfonso Conquers Toledo

1085

Alfonso allows Muslim and Jewish people to continue to live in the city and for them to practice their religion.

Tribunal of the Inquisition

1485

The Tribunal of the Inquisition of Toledo is established. This leads to the expulsion of Muslims and Jews from the city and from Spain.

Jewish Expulsion

1492

Jews are forced to leave the country or they are killed.

El Greco

1577 - April 7, 1614

Doménikos Theotokópoulos, better known as El Greco settles in Toledo, Spain and lives there until his death in April 1614

Spanish Civil War

La Guerra Civil Española

July 17, 1936 - April 1, 1939

The Spanish Civil occurs in Spain. This will decide the fate of the country for the next 40 years bringing down the Spanish Republic and creates a dictatorship under Francisco Franco.

Franco is backed by Hitler and Mussolini whereas the Republic receives little international help.

Siege of the Alcázar

July 21 1936 - September 27 1936

Nationalist forces siege the fort in Toledo causing an early blow to the Republic.

Franco and Today

Franco's Dictatorship

1 October 1936 - 20 November 1975

Franco rules the country with an iron fist and allows for no political dissent. All people are banned from speaking their regions' language and are only allowed to speak Castellano Spanish.

Republic Again

December 6, 1978

Spanish Constitution of 1978 is ratified.

Capital of Castilla-La Mancha

August 17 1982

Toledo becomes the capital of the Autonomous Community of Castilla - La Mancha

World Heritage Site

December 1987

Toledo becomes a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its uniqueness and since it is full of ancient churches, mosques, synagogues and buildings.