The second partitioning gave way to relative peace until Louis (the elder) died. The sons then battled among themselves for 3 years until they came together to agree upon a fair division called the Treaty of Verdun. Charles the Bald received Francia, which would later become France. Louis the Bavarian received Allemagne, which would later become most of Germany. Finally, Lothair received what was left, which was a large section that would later become Italy, Luxembord, and Hungary.