History Assignement Samuel Taylor

Events

Childhood of Michael King (Martin Luther King Jr.)

15 January 1929 - Approx. 1943

The King children all took piano lessons from their mother, the children enjoyed playing the piano. On 30th July 1930 Alfred Daniel Williams King was born adding a new member to the family. During this time Martin Luther King Jr. liked to play was sport he was a big fan of baseball and american football. King's First Job was being the paperboy he delivered the papers whenever he could. King wanted to be a fireman as his future job. Before King went to school his mother taught him how to read and write.
From the time King was Born he knew that blacks had different rights to whites and he didn't understand why. King also didn't understand why the blacks had to be separated by the Jim Crow laws. King couldn't make any sense of this madness.
On a certain day King and his father went to buy some new shoes when they entered they were asked if they could go to the back of the store. "We do not serve colored in the front of the store," said the salesperson. King and his father went to the back of the store both of them not knowing why whites treated blacks differently. King’s mother told him, "even though some people make you feel bad or angry, you should not show it. You are as good as anyone else."

Birth of Michael King (Martin Luther King Jr.)

15 January 1929

On this date Michael King was born he would later go on and be named Martin Luther King Jr. He would then be cared by his loving family of 3 (at the time) his Mother: Alberta Williams King Father: Martin Luther King Sr. and his older Sister Christine King Farris.

Michael King (Martin Luther King Jr.) Schooling

Approx. 1934 - 5 June 1955

Martin Luther King Jr. started school when he was 5 but during this era the age to attend elementary school was 6. When the school found out that he was 5 they sent him home to come back the following year.
At the age of 15 Martin Luther King starts his freshman year at Morehouse College in Atlanta as an early admission student. During this time King studies for a bachelor of arts degree in sociology. He would later go on to receive this degree in 1948.
After receiving his bachelor's degree on the 14 of September 1948 King continued his studies in Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania. King would later graduate on the 9 of May 1951 getting his bachelor of divinity degree. King would also deliver the valedictory address at the beginning.
King began his graduate studies in systematic theology at Boston University on the 13 of september 1951. During his studies he met his future wife Coretta Scott.

Childhood of Eddie Mabo

29 June 1936 - Approx. 1950

As a child Eddie enjoyed the activities of fishing and farming, and in doing so absorbed the culture on his island. He learnt to speak Meriam, this was his first language, but he also knew how to speak Torres Strait islander as well. it was only later on in school he learnt how to speak English. His teacher worked hard helping Eddie learn English.

Birth of Eddie Mabo

29 June 1936

Eddie Koiki Mabo was born in the Murray Island in the Torres Strait. his parents were Indigenous Australians. His mother was Annie Mabo and his father was Robert Zezou Sambo. Five days after Eddie's birth his mother died and he was later adopted by his maternal uncle and aunt, Benny and Maiga Mabo.

The Atlanta Constitution publishes King’s letter to the editor

6 August 1946

In this letter King discloses that blacks should have the same rights as whites and have the same advantage as whites.

Michael King ( Martin Luther King Jr.) Fight for Equal Rights

Approx. 6 August 1946 - 4 April 1968

Martin Luther King Jr. Married

18 June 1953

Martin Luther King Jr. was married to Coretta Scott King.

Rosa Park bus incident

1 December 1955 - 21 December 1956

On the first of December Rosa Parks travelled home in the front seat of the bus after a long day of work. She was sitting in the white section of the bus and when she was told to move she remained in her seat. Rosa parks was arrested and fined $10. She was later bailed out of jail by E.D. Nixon a well known black leader whom believed would be a great plaintiff in a legal challenge of the segregation. News of a boycott spread fast around Montgomery many African American leaders started to give their support, (including Martin Luther King Jr.).
40,000 or more African American bus riders boycotted the system the next day. On December 5 Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) was formed with King being the head of the organisation. The demands of the organisation were the hiring of black drivers, and a first-come, first seated policy. A group of five Montgomery women, represented by NAACP sued the city. These five women were seeking to have the segregation laws in buses totally removed.
On June the Fifth 1956 Montgomery federal court ruled that any law requiring racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

Eddie Mabo Exiled from the island

2 February 1956 - 2 February 1957

Eddie is exiled from the island due to the Murray Court finding Eddie Guilty of drinking alcohol and exiled him for one year. During this time he worked on fishing boats.

Eddie Mabo Moves to Main land Australia

1957

During the time that Eddie was exiled from the island he was working on fishing boats and being a cane cutter. This was until he had an opportunity to go to the mainland. Eddie had the opportunity to be a railway worker in Queensland.

Eddie Mabo engaged in active community service

Approx. 1957 - 21 January 1992

Eddie gradually found interest in community service. He found the most interest in trade unions and politics. At first Eddie was uncomfortable with working with white people but over time he became more comfortable. In 1960 he was appointed as a union representative for the people of the Torres Strait islanders for important rail reconstruction project. Eddie was also a large leader in Indigenous politics, serving as secretary of the Aborigines Advancement League from 1962 to 1969. Eddie was involved in the campaign for a ‘Yes’ vote in the 1967 referendum to remove discriminatory references to Aboriginal people in the Constitution. Eddie also helped organise an interracial conference entitled to "We the Australians". This helped to show Eddie that he could find supporters for Aboriginal and Islander advancement.

King delivers his first national address, "Give Us The Ballot,"

17 may 1957

King gave a 20 minute speech discussing how African American people should have voting rights. This made a massive impact on African American communities this also affected white communities as well.

Martin Luther King Jr. goes to India

3 February 1959 - 18 March 1959

During this time King went and met Gandhi. King liked the ideas of Gandhi's peaceful protests, King gained a lot of inspiration from Gandhi during this time. This also fed his commitment to help as best as he could in America's struggle for civil rights.

Eddie Mabo Married

10 October 1959

Eddie Mabo married Bonita Ernestine

Martin Luther King arrested

19 October 1960 - 27 October 1960

King was arrested in Atlanta for taking part in a non violent protest in sit-ins he was taken to a federal state prison. King was found to have violated probation from a May traffic ticket in Georgia. Robert F. Kennedy calls the judge in the case and secures King's release on October 27.

Birmingham Campaign

2 May 1963 - 10 May 1963

The Birmingham Campaign was a violent and bloody campaign 3 people were killed in what started as a peaceful protest. In Birmingham a march was scheduled by the leaders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). A SCLC organiser proposed that children would lead the march he felt they represented freedom and purity. Over 1000 African American school showed up to march on the second of May. The children attempted to march into downtown Birmingham with hundreds of them being arrested. On the next day many more showed up to march. Over the course of a few days the local police and fire departments used force to stop the march. Images of children being blasted by fire hoses, beaten by white police officers and attacked by police dogs. Finally on the tenth of May 1963 there was peace. The removal of ‘‘Whites Only’’ and ‘‘Blacks Only’’ signs in restrooms and on drinking fountains made a large impact on the civil rights movements.

King delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech.

28 August 1963

Bloody Sunday

7 march 1965 - 21 March 1965

The Selma to Montgomery marches was another peaceful protest, only having 600 marchers cross the Edmund Pettus Bridge over the Alabama River. The protesters found their way blocked by Alabama State troopers and local police who ordered them to turn around. When the protesters kept on marching they were fired upon with tear gas and beaten. This lead to the hospitalisation of over fifty people.
This event now know as "Bloody Sunday" was televised all over the world. Martin Luther King Jr. assembled civil rights supporters to come to Selma for a second march. Members of congress tried to hold off the march until they could assure protection. Finally on the twenty first of March 1965 the final march was approved with the supporters having federal protection. Five months later on August sixth 1965 the federal voting act was passed in what King had dreamed of.

Employed as a gardener at JCU

1967 - 1975

Eddie Mabo was seeking for a new job and found a Job as a gardener at James Cook University. Eddie would occasionally come into lectures and during his one hour lunch break he would study Reports of the Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to Torres Straits.

King delivers his final speech, "I’ve Been to the Mountaintop."

3 April 1968

Death of Martin Luther King Jr.

4 April 1968

Martin Luther King Jr. was killed on the during the night on April fourth 1968

Eddie Mabo discovered did not have legal title over his land

1974

During 1974 Eddie was informed that Murray islanders were not entitled to the land but rather it was crown land. As co-chairman of the Townsville Treaty Committee joined forces with JCU students to stage a conference.

Eddie Mabo spoke at a conference about land rights

August 1981

‘Land Rights in the Torres Strait,’ attracted a lot of attention from lawyers and other people who were interested. Eddie spoke a convincing argument at ‘Land Rights in the Torres Strait,’ and was encouraged to take this case to the high court of Australia to establish ownership over the land they have possessed for generations.

Mabo v. Queensland [No. 1].

20 May 1982 - 8 December 1988

On the twentieth of May 1982 Eddie, Sam Passi, David Passi, Celuia Mapo Salee, and James Rice started in the high court against the state Queensland. The Queensland government had just recently added legislation designed to cancel any native title that might exist. This was known as the Queensland Coast Islands Declaratory Act this was confronted by Mambo and his colleagues in the high court. After a long and hard fight Eddie was favoured in this judgement became known as Mabo v. Queensland [No. 1].

Eddie Mabo Diagnosed with cancer

1990

Mabo v. Queensland [No. 2]

May 1991 - 3 June 1992

Of the original 5 plaintiffs two remained. Hearing began in the May of 1991. Eddie although adopted by his uncle and aunt had not been registered. meaning that in reality he had no claim to the land. Eventually the court had ruled in favour of the community entitlements, on 3rd June 1992. Mabo v. Queensland [No. 2]. The individual land was eventually overturned and given the term terra nullius (land belonging to no-one).

Death of Eddie Mabo

21 January 1992

Eddie Mabo after battling a long fight with lung cancer had finally lost.