Cold War

Events

Josef Stalin premier of USSR

January 1924 - March 1953

Yalta Conference

February 4th 1945 - February 11th 1945

Rooselvelt dies

April 1945

Harry S Truman president

April 1945 - January 1953

Hitlers Suicide

April 1945

German Surrender and end of WW2

May 1945

USA successfully test atomic weapon

July 1945

Potsdam conference

July 1945

Churchill defeated in general election

July 1945

Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

August 1945

Japanese surrender and WW2 ends in Asia

September 1945

United Nations Charter

October 1945

Kennans Long telegram

February 1946

Churchills iron curtain speech

March 1946

Communist led block win Polish elections

June 1946

Communists win in Bulgaria

October 1946

Win 75% of the vote.

Communists win vote in Romania.

November 1946

Win 80% of the vote.

Bizonia created

January 1947

British and US zones merged in Germany.

Truman Doctrine

March 1947

The Moscow confernce

March 1947 - April 1947

Marshall plan

June 1947

Cominform

September 1947

London conference

November 1947 - December 1947

London confernce of Western powers

February 1948 - June 1948

Deutsche Mark introduced.

June 1948

Into West Berlin and the three western zones.

Communists control Czechoslovakia

June 1948

West germany authorised to make constitution to create a new West German state

June 1948

Berlin Blockade

June 1948 - May 1949

Division of Korea

August 1948

NATO is formed

April 1949

Republic of of Germany created

May 1949

FDR

USSR detonates A- bomb

August 1949

Truman approves NSC68 recomendations

September 1949

Communist victory in Chinese Civil War

October 1949

German Democratic Republic created

October 1949

GDR

Strategic perimeter idea suggested

January 1950

Alger Hiss covicted of perjury

January 1950

Stalin agrees to provide N-Korea military equiptment

February 1950

China forms military alliance with USSR

February 1950

Stalin said he wouldnt commit Soviet forces

April 1950

NSC-68 presented

April 1950

UN demands withdrwel of N korean troops

June 1950

Phase 1 (offensive)

June 1950 - September 1950

North Korea invades South Korea

June 1950

Korean War

June 1950 - July 1953

Phase 2 (counter offensive/offensive)

September 1950 - November 1950

Chinese join N- Korea

October 1950

Phase 3 (stabalisation and control)

December 1950 - June 1951

Truman dismisses MacArthur

April 1951

Phase 4 (stalemate and peace)

June 1951 - July 1953

San Francisco Peace Treaty between USA and Japan signed

September 1951

Dwight Eisenhower president

january 1953 - january 1961

Malenkov premier of USSR

March 1953 - February 1955

Death of Stalin

March 1953

Armistace signed for Korean War

July 1953

NSC 162/2 presented

October 1953

Dulles announced Massive Retaiiation

January 1954

The Genva conference

May 1954 - July 1954

It was intended to settle outstanding issues resulting from the Korean War and the First Indochina War

SEATO established

September 1954

Hallestein Docrtine

1955

Introduced by West Germany and aimed at not recognising East Germany

Khrushchev premier of USSR

February 1955 - October 1964

FRG admitted to NATO

May 1955

Austrian State treaty

May 1955

Warsaw Pact set up

May 1955

West Germany joins NATO

May 1955

The Geneva Summit

July 1955

Vietnam War

November 1955 - April 1975

khrushchev consolidates power

1956

Khrushchevs Secret speech

February 1956

The Polish Rising

June 1956 - October 1956

Hungarian Rising

October 1956 - November 1956

Diem visited USA

1957

Eisenhower called him the miracle man

USSR develops ICBM

May 1957

Sputnik is launched

October 1957

Gaither report commissioned

November 1957

Berlin crisis

1958

Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev delivered a speech in which he demanded that the Western powers of the United States, Great Britain and France pull their forces out of West Berlin within six months.

North uses revolutionary violence to reunite Vietnam

January 1959

Castro takes power in Cuba

january 1959

Mikoyan offers economic aid to Cuba

February 1960

Paris Summit

May 1960

U2 spy plane incident

May 1960

Kennedy and Khrushchev meet in Vienna

June 1960

Castro promised to spread revolution across America

July 1960

Gagarin is the first man in outer space

1961

John F Kennedy President

January 1961 - November 1963

Assassinated

Bay Of Pigs failed invasion

April 1961

Berlin Wall erected

August 1961

Kennedy authorises Operation Mongoose

November 1961

Kennedy sent General Taylor to asses Vietnam

November 1961

Strategic Hamlet project introduced

March 1962

Khrushchev sends nuclear weapons to Cuba

May 1962

Cuban Missile Crisis

16th october 1962 - 28th October 1962

U2 spy plane found missile bases in Cuba

Hotline set up

June 1963

Between Kremlin and the White House

Kennedys "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech to Berlin

June 1963

Moscow test ban treaty

August 1963

Signed by UK, USSR and USA

Lyndon B Johnson president

November 1963 - January 1969

Didn't stand for reelection

Diem is assasinated in a coup (SV)

November 1963

USA and USSR announce they want to cut back nuclear weapons

April 1964

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution passed in US

August 1964

China detonates nuclear bomb

October 1964

Brezhnev premier of USSR

October 1964 - November 1984

(Khrushchev resigns)

Pleiku incident occurs

February 1965

a Viet Cong attack on Pleiku airbase was made on 6 February 1965. The attack killed nine U.S. servicemen and wounded 128 others that led to the sending of conventional American combat forces to Vietnam.

Operation Rolling Thunder stands

May 1965

Battle of La Drang Valley

November 1965

The Battle of Ia Drang was the first major battle between the United States Army and the North Vietnamese Army-NVA,

Mao starts cultural revolution

1966

China detonates third nuclear bomb

May 1966

Breznev Doctrine

1968

Dubcek appointed leader of Czechoslovakia

January 1968

Tet Offensive

January 1968 - February 1968

Dubceks Action programme announced

April 1968

Prague Spring

May 1968 - August 1968

Non proliferation treaty

July 1968

Warsaw Pact tanks storm Czechoslovakia

August 1968

US- Soviet arms limitation talks start

1969

Richard Nixon presdient

January 1969 - August 1974

Resigned form office

Soviet border clashes with Chna

April 1969

Vietnamisation begins

July 1969

First moon Landing

July 1969

Neil Armstrong

AVRN and US ground forces invade Cambodia

April 1970

Nixon backs AVRNs invasion of Laos

February 1971

Nixon visits China

February 1972

Henry Kissenger secretly visits Moscow

April 1972

Interim agreement on limitation of Stratefic offensive arms

May 1972

Established a freeze on strategic missiles

SALT 1 ratified

May 1972

The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union—the Cold War superpowers—on the issue of arms control.

Lowest number of troops in Vietnam since 1965

June 1972

Paris Peace talks reach significant stage

October 1972

Basic Treaty is signed

December 1972

the basis of relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic

Paris Peace agreement

January 1973

US troop removal from NV

March 1973

US stop bombing Cambodia

August 1973

Allende overthrown in Chile replaced by Pinochet

September 1973

Detente

1974 - 1979

Ends with USSR invasion of Afghanistan

portugal grants Angola independance

April 1974

SEATO ends because france leaves

June 1974

Gerald Ford President

August 1974 - January 1977

Vladivostok summit

November 1974

Khmer Rouge succesful in Cambodian civil war

1975

Fall of Saigon and reunification of Vietnam

April 1975

The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project takes place

July 1975

It is the first joint flight of the US and Soviet space programs. The mission is seen as a symbol of détente and an end to the "space race".

Cuba provides military support for socialists in Angolan civil war

August 1975

Helsinki Accords finalised

August 1975

Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai dies

January 1976

Charter 77 is signed by Czechoslovakian intellectuals

January 1977

Jimmy Carter President

January 1977 - January 1981

Cuba sends troops to socialist regime in Ethiopia

July 1977

President of Afghanistan Sardar Mohammed Daoud's government is overthrown

April 1978

A Communist regime is installed in Afghanistan

December 1978

Xiaoping visits USA

February 1979

He was the paramount leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 until his retirement in 1989.

Magarat Thatcher elected PM of UK

May 1979

SALT 2 is agreed

May 1979

Pope John Paul visits Poland

June 1979

Vienna Summit

June 1979

President Carter signs the first directive for financial aid to opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul, Afghanistan

July 1979

USSR invades afghanistan

December 1979

Carter announces doctrine

January 1980

Strikies woth workers in Gdansk

July 1980

Ronald Reagan

January 1981 - January 1989

USA funds right wing contras in Nicaragua

March 1981

Marital law declared in Poland

December 1981

when the authoritarian communist government of the People's Republic of Poland drastically restricted normal life by introducing martial law in an attempt to crush political opposition.

Spain joins NATO

May 1982

Andropov premier of USSR

November 1982 - February 1984

Reagan announces Star War programme

March 1983

The intent of this program was to develop a sophisticated anti-ballistic missile system in order to prevent missile attacks from other countries, specifically the Soviet Union.

KAL 007 is shot down

September 1983

The U.S.S.R. nuclear early warning system reports launch of multiple U.S.intercontinental ballistic missiles.

September 1983

Stanislav Yevgrafovich Petrov correctly identified it as a false alarm

US invasion of Grenada

October 1983

Chernenko premier of USSR

February 1984 - March 1985

Gorbachev premier of USSR

March 1985 - December 1991

Alcohol policies introduced

Geneva Summit between Gorbachev and Reagan

November 1985

Glasnost and Perestroika introduced

1986

Chernobl nuclear reactor explosion

April 1986

Reykjavik summit between Gorbachev and Reagan

October 1986

Washington Summit between Gorbachev and Reagan

December 1987

INF is signed

Moscow Summit between Gorbachev and Reagan

May 1988 - June 1988

Soviets withdraw form Afghanistan

May 1988

George Bush President

January 1989 - january 1993

Poland holds free elections

June 1989

Free elections held in Hungary

June 1989

Hungary permits Germans to enter Austria via Hungary

September 1989

Czechoslovakia opens border to allow access to West Eupropean states

November 1989

Berlin Wall comes down

9th November 1989

Velvet revolution in Czechoslovakia

December 1989

German reunification

October 1990

End of Cold War

1991

End of Soviet Union

December 1991

Peace agreement in El Salvador

1992

UN supervised elections in El Salvador

1994