Roosevelt, Truman and Stalin
"I come from Crimea with a firm belief that we have made a start on the road to world peace"
"The Soviet program is the establishment of totalitarianism, ending personal liberty"
Churchill then states it is as 'plain as a pike staff' that Moscow wanted to drag out free elections whilst 'the Lublin Committee consolidate their power"
Truman, Atlee and Stalin
Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam an independent republic
Communists win 38% of vote
This committed the British zone to merging with the American
in Stuttgart, James F. Byrnes, United States Secretary of State repudiates the Morgenthau Plan. He states the US intention to keep troops in Europe indefinitely and expresses US approval of the territorial annexation of 29% of pre-war Germany, but does not condone further claims.
Response to Kennan in which he states that the US are "striving for world supremacy"
Poland becomes an official Communist state by 1949
Agreed to dissolve the state of Prussia. Failed to agree on peace treaties for Germany and Austria.
Marshall, Bevin, Molotov and Bidault
This was despite rigging elections. They continued to use 'salami tactics' until eventually they took over
They hoped this would force Benes to dismiss Gottwald and create a more moderate government
Split into two phases
Solved the German question in regards to the British, US and French areas
Communists called a strike of 2.5 million people
The last Czechoslovakian non-Communist leader was found dead under the foreign ministry window in Prague
This was when Trizonia was formed
Allowed the FRG to join the Council of Europe
North advances into South, reaching Putan
MacArthur lands at Inchon and pushes North to 38th parallel
By June the USA wanted a ceasefire
Neither side launched any major offensives
Between USA and Japan
Announcing to the world, and its communist powers in particular, that the U.S. was prepared to provide military aid to "free peoples."
Japan made an army of 110,000 ground troops and 7600 maritime personnel
Industry increased by 120%
Involved more than one million people
Suppressed (with difficulty) by Soviet tanks and troops
A royalist coup that ousts Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mosaddeq
The coup was organized because of Iranian nationalization of the oil industry and fears of Iran joining the Soviet camp.
Defined Cold War Policy during Eisenhower Administration
Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. It is committed to resisting Communist expansion in the Middle East.
Meeting between Harold Macmillan and Eisenhower that led to the agreement of US missiles being placed in Britain
Commits US to defending Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan
Iraq begins to recieve support from the Soviets
Collapsed as American U2 plane shot down over USSR airspace
US Mission to put man on the moon
Start of US aid to Latin America
He was seen as being Communist
Replaced by Brezhnev
First major US and NV conflict
Johnson and Kosygin meet in New Jersey
105 Soviet Officials expelled from GBr by Edward Heath
Signed by USSR, USA, Britain and France
End American involvement in Vietnam. Congress cuts off funds for continued bombing of Indochina
The 'killing fields'
Khmer Rouge seize an American Naval Ship
A symbol of detente, a joint space mission between USA and USSR heralded as the end of the 'space race'
Helsinki Final Act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe signed by the United States, Canada, the Soviet Union and Europe
53 Americans taken hostage
USA boycott Moscow Olympics in protest of Afghanistan invasion
Military government brought into Poland to crush opposition
Soviet anti-aircraft misinterpret a test of NATO's nuclear warfare procedures as a fake cover for an actual NATO attack; in response, Soviet nuclear forces are put on high alert.
Reagan sees as dramatic and won't follow suit. Gorbachev suggests many extensions, but US refuses causing it to come to an end.
Gorbachev announces intention to follow:
-Glasnost: Transparency and freedom of speech
-Perestroika: Restructuring of government and economy
Some claim this is the official end of the Cold War
Protests in China that were crushed by the government
Peaceful protests in Czechoslovakia that overthrew Communist government
Meeting between Gorbachev and Bush- beginning of the end of the Cold War