World History Timeline c.4BC-1500AD

GREEN: Jewish History YELLOW: Han Dynasty RED: Roman Empire BLUE: Mayan Civilization


Birth of Jesus Christ

Approx. 4 B.C.

Rome establishes direct rule of prefects in Judea.

6 A.D.

Wang Man takes control of the empire by usurping the throne and proclaiming the the beginning of a new dynasty called Xin “new”

9 A.D.

Death of Augustus and Tiberius, stepson of Caesar Augustus, becomes emperor until 37AD

14 A.D.

The sack of Chang'an, the imperial capital of China

23 A.D.

Crucifixion of Jesus in the Roman province of Jerusalem and the origin of Christianity

33 A.D.

Gaius (Caligula) crowned Emperor

37 A.D.

Birth of Josephus

37 A.D.

Jewish leader and historian

Emperor Claudius is murdered and Nero is proclaimed Emperor

54 A.D.

Fire destroyed much of Rome

64 A.D.

Christians are blamed for the destruction

First Jewish Revolt Against Rome

66 AD - 73 AD

Destruction of Jerusalem and the Second Jewish Temple

70 A.D.

Last stand of Jews at Masada

73 A.D.

Roman Colosseum is built

80 A.D.

The completion of the Colosseum was celebrated with 100 days of games

The Han dynasty of China invades Mongolia

91 A.D.

Invention of fine paper-making process by Cai Lun

105 A.D.

Hadrian's Wall is built

122 A.D.

It was a long wall built across northern England in an effort to keep the barbarians out

Bar Kokhba rebellion (Second Jewish Revolt)

132 - 135 A.D.

Roman forces kill an estimated half a million Jews and destroy 985 villages and 50 fortresses

Hadrian renames Jerusalem Aelia Capatolina and builds a Pagan temple over the the site of the Second Temple

136 A.D.

He also forbids Jews to dwell there. Judea (the southern portion of what is now called the West Bank) was renamed Palaestina in an attempt to minimize Jewish identification with the land of Israel.

An Shigao is the first Buddhist translator

148 A.D.

Mentioned in Chinese sources who established a translation centre in the Chinese imperial capital, Luoyang.

The 'Yellow Turban' rebellion is quashed by the Han in China

184 A.D. - 192 A.D.

The Yellow Turban rebellion breaks out

184 A.D.

As a result of local government offices being attacked across China

Luoyang, the Han capital in China, is burned

190 A.D.

Mishnah (Jewish oral law) compiled/edited under Judah the Prince

Approx. 200 A.D.

Cao Cao takes over the former Han government and appoints himself chancellor, in effect, a military dictator

205 A.D.

Liu Xie abdicated the throne

220 A.D.

Wars between warlords and states continued and China would have to wait about 350 years to be unified again

Constantine becomes Emperor of Rome

306 A.D.

Rome becomes a Christian empire. Before this, Rome persecuted the Christians. Constantius dies. His son Constantine is the new vice-emperor of Galerius

Rome splits

395 A.D.

Rome split into two empires - the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. Each side had a ruler in charge of it. The Roman Empire was split by Theodosius.

The Maya highlands fall under the domination of Teotihuacan

400 A.D.

The disintegration of Maya culture and language begins in some parts of the highlands

The Visigoths sack Rome

410 A.D.

Led by Alaric, this was the first time in 800 years that the city of Rome has fallen to an enemy

End of the Western Roman Empire and the fall of Ancient Rome

476 A.D.

The last Roman Emperor Romulus Augustus is defeated by the German Goth Odoacer. This is the start of the Dark Ages in Europe

The Maya city of Tikal becomes the first great Maya city

500 A.D.

Citizens from Teotihuacan make their way to Tikal, introducing new ideas involving weaponry, captives, ritual practices and human sacrifice

An unknown event destroys the civilization at Teotihuacan, along with the empire it supported

600 A.D.

Tikal becomes the largest city-state in Mesoamerica, with as many as 500,000 inhabitants within the city and its hinterland.

Emperor Heraclius breaks his promise of protection to Jews, massacring any he found and forbidding them from entering Jerusalem

627 A.D. - 629 A.D.

Hundreds of Jews were killed and thousands exhiled to Egypt, ending the Jewish towns in the Galilee and Judea. Heraclius' decree remained in effect until the Muslim conquest of Jerusalem.

The Emperor Pacal dies

683 A.D.

Pacal dies at the age of 80 and is buried in the Temple of the Inscriptions at Palenque

Long-standing Maya alliances begin to break down

751 A.D.

Trade between Maya city-states declines, and inter-state conflict increases

Construction ceases in Tikal, marking the beginning of the city's decline

869 A.D.

Tikal is abandoned

899 A.D.

Collapse of the southern lowland cities while Mayan cities in the northern Yucatán continue to thrive

900 A.D.

Participants in the First Crusade massacre Jews in several Central European cities, beginning centuries of pogroms linked to the Crusades.

1096 A.D.

Scholar and Jewish leader Moses Ben Nachman (Nachmanides)

1194 A.D. - 1270 A.D.

A group of 300 rabbis from France and England settle in Palestine (Eretz Yisrael), beginning what might be interpreted as Zionist aliyah.

1211 A.D.

Fourth Lateran Council expands anti-Jewish decrees in Europe, forces Jews to wear the Yellow Patch, the "Badge of Shame.

1215 A.D.

The city of Chichén Itzá is abandoned by the Toltecs

1224 A.D.

Toltecs: A people known as the Uicil-abnal, which later takes the name Itzá, settles in the desolate city

There is a rebellion within Mayapán and the city is abandoned

1441 A.D

The Byzantine Empire ends

1453 A.D.

The Byzantine Empire comes to an end as it falls to the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople in 1453 A.D. It is renamed Istanbul in 1930.