Christian Lavanga World History Class VHS
Shang believed that their ancestors held power over them and performed divination rituals to secure their approval for planned actions
A collection of hymns and other ritual texts composed in different periods . These teachings are from the early sages upon which Hinduism is based.
This was considered the formative period for Hinduism.
According to the Hindus, darsán is a two-way flow of vision. While the devotee sees the god, so too the god sees the devotee. Agni, Indra, Shiva, Brahma, Vishnu and Ganesha are just a few examples of very important Hindu gods.
He was born as the son of a king in Lumbini, in Nepal. The dates of his birth and death are not known and may be many years off this estimate.
Confucius lived in the state of Lu now called Shangtung.
Siddhārtha Gautama attained enlightenment sitting under a pipal tree, and from then on, was known as "The Perfectly Self-Awakened One," the Samyaksambuddha. Buddha for short. He denies the caste system and says that enlightenment will avoid suffering of man, by rejecting worldly pleasures. Nirvana could be obtain by pure harmony. Believed in reincarnation.
He becomes involved in government work and learns about family life for himself.
He learned about how corrupt the government justice and public works systems were and used what he learned to form his philosophies.
Probable life of the Chinese philosopher Lao-Tzu, founder of Taoism and author of the Tao-Te-Ching.
He leaves government work to return to Qufu in Lu province and focus on teaching his philosophy. His teachings include being based on the importance of the family and social harmony, rather than on an otherworldly source of spiritual values. Confucian thought focuses on the cultivation of virtue and maintenance of ethics.
Formed just after the death of Buddha to continue his teachings. Supported under the patronage of King Ajatasattu.
Warring States Period in China, Legalism develops in response to the damage done by warring factions, and to maintain control over the country's nobles.
Two distinct groups form in a split of the religion.
The Emperor Ashoka of India declares it to be the state religion and missionaries carry it far and wide across Asia, to the Mediterranean Sea.
Legalism is based on the idea that most people are naturally selfish. Rulers should establish strict laws and enforce them with rewards for good behavior and harsh punishments for bad behavior. Rulers had absoulte power backed up by military night in order not to be overthrown.
Life of Han Feizi who developed Legalism in China.
Qin Shi Huang Di favors legalism and persecutes Confucius priests and
Qin Dynasty, Emperor Shi Huangti adopts Legalism as state philosophy and bans all others.
Han Dynasty honors Confucian ideals. Civil Service Examination system is introduced. Local officials would select candidates to take part in examination system of the Confucian Classics.
Han Dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE)
The term Daojia (usually translated as "philosophical Taoism") was coined during the Han Dynasty.
Han Dynasty under which Legalism is replaced.
Formative years in Hinduism, where the religion spread.
This coincides with the Gupta Empire. In this period the six branches of Hindu philosophy evolved, namely Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mīmāṃsā, and Vedanta Hinduism believes that the spirit is purified by continued reincarnations to get to nirvana. The acts one does in each life create "Karma" which can affect the quality of the life into which reincarnation will occur next.
The Yamato Emperors By the A.D. 400s, the Yamato clan had established itself as the leading clan. The Yamato claimed to be descended from the sun goddess Amaterasu. The emperor continues to be the head of the Shinto religion until Shinto is banned after WWII to depose the great power of the Japanese Emperor over the people.
Early shrine in Japan. Shinto (SHIHN•toh), meaning “way of the gods.” Each small clan in Japan worshipped its own gods of nature, and the overall "Religion" was centered around respect for the forces of nature and respect for ancestors. Shinto worshipers believed in kami, divine spirits that dwelled in nature.
(From the Gangoji Engi of 747), King Seong (of the Korean kingdom of Baekje) delivered a statue of the Buddha, multiple sutras, and several Buddhist monks and nuns to Japan
Establishment of the Isle Shrine, one of Shinto's holiest places
Japanese imperial court officially accepted Buddhism in Japan. By the eighth or ninth century, Buddhist ideas and worship had spread through Japanese society. The Japanese, however, did not give up their Shinto beliefs. Some Buddhist rituals became Shinto rituals, and some Shinto gods and goddesses were worshiped in Buddhist temples.
Taoism becomes official religion of China under the Emperor Xuanzong.
756 CE - c. 907 CE
Taoism loses popular support with the decline of the Tang Dynasty. Replaced by Confucianism and Buddhism.