Germany signed the armistice for the end of World War 1
November 11, 1918
December: Return of the Germany army to Berlin.
Approx. December 1, 1918
Hitler Joined the DAP
January 5, 1919
The German Worker Party was founded by Anton Drexler
January 6, 1919
The Spartacist Uprising was a communist uprising throughout Germany led by Rosa Luxemburg & Karl Liebnecht. It was dealt with after Ebert called in the Freikorps to put the revolt down successfully.
Elections for new constitution - Weimar Republic
Six social democrats formed a council of Peoples Representatives and organized the elections
Treaty of Versailles signed
June 28, 1919
Weimar Constitution Passed
31st July 1919
DAP change to NSDAP
Feb 24 1920
The DAP changed its name to Nationalist Socialist German Workers Party: NSDAP or Nazi for short.
The Kapp Putsch
1 March 1920
The right wing Freikorps seized power in Berlin while the army and police stood by. The Weimar government called on workers to strike and many did, so the Kapp putsch failed.
Hilter becomes NSDAP's Fuhrer
JUL 28, 1921
Hitler was formally elected party chairman on 28 July 1921, with only one opposing vote. The committee was dissolved, and Hitler was granted nearly absolute powers as the party's sole leader.
SEP 1, 1921
The Sturmabteilung functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party.Their main assignments were:
-Protecting Nazi rallies
-Disrupting the meetings of the opposing parties
-Intimidating Slavic and Romani citizens, unionists, and Jews.
Share prices crash in Wall Street
French occupation on the Ruhr January 1923
French troops occupied the Ruhr when Germany failed to pay reparations. German workers wrecked equipment, so the French couldn't make much money. The German economy was also wrecked
The government printed out money to pay for reparations, which resulted in money becoming worthless
Introduction of Rentenmark
Stresemann introduced new currency - Rentenmark. It stabilised the economy.
The Lean years
1924 - 1929
Hitler re-launched the Nazi party in 1924 and by 1929 it was very well organised but these were the difficult years for the party. The economy had improved - there was less unemployment. War hero Hindenberg was President of the republic which made it more popular and therefore the Nazis lost popularity as an extreme party.
Germany joins League of Nations
Stresemann negotiated German entry to the League of Nations. This meant that Germany was recognized as a great power once again.
The SS are created
The SS was created as an elite bodyguard for Nazi officials and the prime examples of the aryan race.
the Nazi's won only 12 seats in this election
Gustav Stresemann died
OCT 1, 1929
The Great Depression
October 1929 - 1933
October 24, 1929
Hindenberg beats Hitler in the presidential election but Hitler gains support.
November elections 1932
Centre party loses, even more, seats in another Reichstag election. The Nazis are still the largest party though they only win 196 seats this time.
Hitler becomes Chancellor
The Reichstag fire
27 February 1933
The Reichstag building burned down. A Dutch communist Van Der Lubbe confessed. Thousands of communists were arrested. Hitler persuaded Hindenberg to declare a state of emergency and call an election. It is possible that Van Der Lubbe was framed and that the Nazis were behind it all.
March 1933 election
The Nazis won 43.9% of the vote with 288 seats but still failed to win a majority in the Reichstag.
The Enabling act
23rd March 1933
Trade unions banned
2 May 1933
Political parties were banned
The Night of the Long Knives
30 June 1934
Ernst Rohm challenged Hitler because he wanted the Nazis to be less about big business and more about the workers. The SS got rid of this opposition: they shot Rohm and about 400 other opponents.
President Hindenberg died in August 1934. Hitler declared himself Fuhrer, added all the powers of the president to those of the Chancellor and made every soilder swear allegence to him. Nazi propagande secured 90% of voters agreed that Hitler should be Fuhrer.