Ancestors of Native Americans cross the Bering Strait
Vikings discover and settle Newfoundland
Height of Mississippian Culture at Cahokia
Columbus lands in Bahamas
Christopher Columbus, an italian was employed by the spanish to find a more direct route to Asia, but landed on a whole new land beginning with the Bahamas, but still believed he had found Asia.
Sir Walter Raleigh founds Roanoke
This colony's creation was enforced by the english queen in an attempt to create a permanent english settlement in the new found continent, but disappeared with very minimal trace and is now the source of many conspiracy theories.
Edict of Nantes
April 13, 1598
Champlain colonizes Quebec
John Rolfe perfects tobacco cultivation
First African slaves arrive in Jamestown
A small amount of slaves was brought to help in the farming of crops such as tobacco.
Pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock
Roger Williams convicted of heresy and founds Rhode Island colony
Because Williams encouraged members of the church to break away from the Church of England in Massachusetts, he was banished and thus created his own colony with no restrictions on religion.
Fundamental Orders drafted
January 14, 1639
This was an early constitution made by the people of Connecticut
New England Confederation formed
Half-Way Covenant founded
This was a form of partial religious committance used by the puritan church that provided second and third and so on generations that were not yet converted completely from the Church of England with the ability to become partial members of the church instead of being excluded altogether.
August 10, 1680
Dominion of New England created
King William's War
Salem Witch Trials
A few girls had accused older women of bewitching them which lead to the hanging of these and multiple other women accused of witchcraft and the witch hunt ended with the death of a dog and 20 women.
Barbados Slave Code adopted
Queen Anne's War
Zenger free press trial
After being acquitted for libel, Zenger's case guaranteed freedom of speech even against the government.
War of Jenkin's Ear
Jonathon Edwards begins Great Awakening
Edwards had a different take on the word of god and made others believe they had to rely on god more and repent in order to be pure and make it to heaven and thus sparked the Great Awakening.
King George's War
French and Indian War
While seeking land in the Ohio Valley, the British encountered the French and fought for the land and the Indians became involved on the side of the French. This was the first war in America
Peace of Paris
February 10, 1763
Proclamation of 1763
October 7, 1763
Paxton Boys march on Philadelphia
Sugar Act passed
April 5, 1764
Stamp Act Congress convenes
This convention was called to create a list of grievances and headed in the direction of a more unified America.
Townshend Acts passed
March 5, 1770
About 60 colonists attacked around 10 British soldiers in protest to the unfair taxes, and the soldiers retaliated by killing 11 colonists.
Boston Tea Party
December 16, 1773
The British East India Company was given a monopoly on tea, angering the colonists. Multiple colonists dressed as Indians boarded the ships carrying the tea and dumped it into the Boston Harbor.
Intolerable Acts passed
The British parliament enacted the Intolerable Acts in response to colonial protests including the Boston Tea Party to punish the colonies.
First Continental Congress meets
September 5, 1774
This convention met to discuss and react to the intolerable acts and ended with the decision to boycott all British goods.
Second Continental Congress meets
Quakers found 1st anti-slavery society
April 14, 1775
Battle of Concord
April 19, 1775
Battle of Lexington
April 19, 1775
Battle of Bunker Hill
June 17, 1775
Declaration of Independance
July 4, 1776
Thomas Jefferson and other Founding fathers developed a document that declared independence for America from Britain that made the split official.
Battle of Saratoga
Articles of Confederation adopted
November 15, 1777
This was the original document that controlled the government and stated requirements such as a 2/3 vote for bills and congress could not control the economy or tax at all.
Treaty of Paris
September 3, 1783
This treaty gave the US territory up to the Mississippi river and also Florida.
Treaty of Fort Stanwix
October 22, 1784
Land Ordinance of 1785
This set up a standard process for purchasing undeveloped land in the west of the colonies and provided funding for the federal government
Lead by Daniel Shay, many rebelled against economic injustices and unfairness for the debt ridden.
The states sent delegates to a convention where much of what is in the constitution was discussed including the means of election for government officials and the different branches of government.
July 13, 1787
This ordinance gave a method for new states to be admitted to the Union and a bill of rights they would be granted.
Ratification of the Constitution
June 21, 1788
The requirement for ratifying the Constitution was a 9/13 vote by the colonies, which was met and so the Constitution was ratified.
Federalist Party formed
Judiciary Act of 1789
This allowed congress to create lower courts than the supreme and organized the supreme court.
Bill of Rights adopted
This set of the first ten amendments to the Constitution was added to appease those who thought the Constitution impeded too much on the liberties of the people of America including the Antifederalists.
Democratic-Republican Party formed
This party believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution with no leeway when it comes to gaining power.
April 22, 1793
This proclamation stated that the US was now neutral in all conflicts and would not support only one side.
Due to the high tax on whiskey, people began attacking those who collected the tax and making moonshine which lead to the removal of this excise tax.
Alien and Sedition Acts passed
These acts made it more difficult for immigrants to get to, stay in, and vote in America.
Judiciary Act of 1801
Marbury v. Madison
February 24, 1803
This court case set the base for judicial review which meant that the supreme court could declare a law unconstitutional.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Lewis and Clark were employed by Thomas Jefferson to explore the land from the Louisiana Purchase and they made maps and discovered a passage to the Pacific Ocean.
Embargo Act passed
Non-Intercourse Act passed
March 1, 1809
This act replaced the Embargo Act and lifted embargos from all nations except France and England