Nomads from Eurasia cross a land bridge created by the Ice Age that leads them to North America.
Viking explorers land in North America and declare it Newfoundland, but don't stay long due to difficulties with colonization.
Urban settlements connected by a loose trading network, with Cahokia as a large religious hub in the center. They focused on agriculture, had no writing system, and constructed their buildings upon large pyramid shaped mounds.
After sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, Columbus discovers the New World by landing in the Caribbean.
Raleigh sends a more diverse group, including many full families of settler, to Roanoke with the intention of founding a colony under the leadership of John White.
Granted Protestants substantial rights in France, which was mostly Catholic.
Champlain explores Canada and the Great Lakes, publishing maps and accounts of his journeys, meeting with the natives, and eventually colonizing the city of Quebec.
John Wolfe uses the better tasting Spanish tobacco seeds to commercially boost tobacco into a blooming industry.
About 20 African slaves arrive in Jamestown from a Dutch warship, planting the seeds for slavery in the US.
Pilgrim's arrive at Plymouth Harbor on the Mayflower, and take their first steps on American soil to later colonize it.
After being accused of spreading "dangerous" ideas, Williams was exiled from Massachusetts, and went on to create Rhode Island, a hub for free ideals.
Established Connecticut as an independent colony.
The colonies of Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven formed a union for "mutual safety and welfare", adopting a Constitution and becoming "The United Colonies of New England."
Partial church membership created within the Congregational churches of colonial New England in 1662 by Reverend Solomon Stoddard, who felt that the people of the English colonies were drifting away from their original religious purpose.
After a string of Native American's went unopposed, Virginian settlers lead by Nathaniel Bacon attacked Natives, torched the capital, and chased the governor away.
An uprising by the indigenous Pueblo people attacking, killing, and driving out Spanish colonizers in Santa Fe.
A province created by combining the British colonies in North America which included Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine, New Jersey, and New York.
Conflict between France and England for North America, mainly for control of the fur trade.
After a group of young girls in Salem, Massachusetts claimed they were possessed by the devil, hysteria spread through the colonies. Nineteen people were hung or executed in other ways, and hundreds were accused.
The Colonies adopt the Barbados Slave Code as the foundation for their own slaves.
Yet another war for control of North America, fought by England against the French and Indians. Second of 4.
A trial against John Zenger, a New York printer, who was being tried for publishing defamation against the king. He was found innocent, which set the ground rules for the freedom of press.
War between Britain and Spain after British Merchant ship captain Robert Jenkins had his ear cut off by Spanish pirates, allowing Parliament to use this as an excuse to gain better access to the Caribbean.
Another conflict between French and Indians, and England, over North America.
John Edwards begins the religious Great Awakening by giving powerful and emotional sermons that warn sinners of eternal doom unless they repent to the all forgiving god.
War between the Colonies and the French, allied by the Native Americans.
Proclamation by King George following England's acquirement of French territory in NA, forbidding settlement west of the Appalachians.
Vigilante group is formed to retaliate against Indians in the aftermath of the French and Indian War and Pontiac's Rebellion.
Revenue raising passed by parliament that places a tax on importing molasses and sugar.
Congress held by Colonies to discuss protest against British taxation.
British imposed taxes that imposed taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper and tea imported into the colonies. Colonists viewed the taxes as an abuse of power.
While standing guard a group of Redcoats were attacked at their post by a mob of people who pelted them with snowballs, rocks, and sticks, until the Redcoat's retaliated by firing into the crowd, killing 3 people.
A protest by colonists against the British imposed tea tax and attempts to convince American's to buy tea, where the Sons of Liberty dumped entire shipments of tea into the Boston harbor overnight.
Harsh laws imposed by the British parliament in order to punish the Americans for the Boston Tea Party, among other grievances. Included the Quebec Act and Coercive Act.
The Second Continental Congress managed the Colonial war effort while moving slowly towards independence, then adopting the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.
Meeting of delegates from 12 or the 13 colonies in response to the Intolerable Acts.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania becomes the first anti-slavery society, both abolishing slavery, and implementing schools and services for blacks.
Same as Battle of Lexington.
Two fights that set off the American Revolution, after British troops marched from Boston to Concord with the intent to seize Colonial weaponry. Minutemen rushed to meet them, and eventually drove the British off, after separate battles in Lexington and Concord.
An early revolutionary war battle where the British defeated the Americans at Bunker Hill in Massachusetts, but despite this, suffered heavy losses, which inspired the Americans and gave them motivation to continue.
Members of congress place their signatures on the Dec. of Independence, declaring the United States as independent from Britain.
A large scale battle that the American's managed to win, which convinced the French that the American's were capable of winning the revolutionary war, prompting them to ally with the colonies.
The first Constitution of the United States, adopted by Congress.
Same as "Peace of Paris."
A series of treaties signed in Paris by representatives of the US and Britain that effectively ended the revolutionary war.
Treaty signed by the Iroquois Confederacy to give up their land for colonist expansion.
A system that allowed settlers to purchase titles to farmland in the undeveloped west.
American farmers protested against enforcement of tax collections and judgments for debt, taking up arms and attempting to capture several military assets and harass merchants, until the rebellion was crushed by the military.
A convention intended to revise the Articles of Confederation, with the intention being to replace the system entirely instead of improving upon the Articles.
An act of Congress that created the Northwest Territory, the first organized US territory.
It took 10 months for the first nine states to approve the Constitution, at which point it became ratified.
The Federalist Party was the first American political party, spear headed by people like Alexander Hamilton. It lasted from the 1790s to 1816, and its remnants lasted into the 1820s.
Established the federal judiciary of the United States.
A protest by moonshiners against taxes placed upon whiskey by the federal government.
The Bill of Rights were imposed to protect the fundamental rights of Americans after certain groups protesting the Constitution complained it didn't protect individual rights enough.
Madison and Jefferson form the Democratic-Republican party to oppose the Federalist party run by Hamilton.
An announcement by George Washington declaring the nation neutral against the French and British war.
During a French and English conflict, America remained neutral. France grew angry over Jay's Treaty, believing it violated French and American relations, and started seizing American ships. When Americans wanted to work out differences, delegates were sent to France to oversee a meeting with the King, but were met by 3 agents who demanded a bribe from them. The agents would be known as X, Y, and Z.
The alien and sedition acts were passed in preparation for a war with France. The Naturalization Act increased the requirement for American citizenship from five to fourteen years, required aliens to declare their intent to acquire citizenship five years before it could be granted, and rendered people from enemy nations ineligible for naturalization. The Sedition Act banned the publishing of slandering writings against the government.
Reorganized the federal judiciary and established the first circuit judgeships in the country.
An important judicial case that formed the foundation of judicial review. Announced that a court can ignore an act of Congress if it's inconsistent with the Constitution.
Two explorers sent by Jefferson to document, explore, and chart land acquired in the Louisiana Purchase.
The Embargo Act was a law passed by Congress and signed by Jefferson on December 22, 1807. It prohibited American ships from trading in all foreign ports.
Jefferson, after closing all American exports, declares them open again, so long as French and British ports are excluded.
A battle fought by US forces lead by Major General William Henry Harrison against the Shawnee Indians, to destroy the Native American alliance their chief was promoting.
A battle between American forces and Indian ally forces lead by Andrew Jackson, and the Creek tribe, who opposed American expansion.