Early Modern Era


Age of Absolutism

1400 - 1800

Period of European history where monarchs successfully gathered the wealth and power of the state to themselves

Columbus Discovered America


Columbus traveled the Atlantic Ocean numerous times. His voyages initiated the colonization of the New World

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

King of England for almost 30 years

95 theses


Written by Martin Luther, this list provides propositions for an academic disputation


1517 - 1648

Initiated by Martin Luther and continued by many protesters forming new ideas

Charles V


Charles reign spread across multiple areas including Spain, Rome and Dutch

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1857

Long lasting large empire in India

Slave Trade

1600 - 1800

Mainly from Africa to the Americas, slaves were transported across the Atlantic Ocean

Scientific Revolution

1600 - 1700

Concept to describe emergence of modern sciences including physics, biology, astronomy etc.

Japan Christian Ban


Now being a minor religion in Japan, previously Christianity was banned in Japan until 1945

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Longest, most destructive, deadliest European religious war

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Series of political conflicts sparking battle

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

Considered a great reigning as king of France folllowing monarch in House of Bourbon

The enlightenment

1650 - 1800

Intellectual and philosophical movement which dominated the world of ideas in Europe

Peter the Great

1672 - 1725

Ruled Russia for approximately 50 years

English bill of rights


An act Parliament passed forcing a limit and separation of powers

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

International conflict affecting mainly Europe but also other continents. Introduction to interventionism.

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Far reaching social and political upheaval in France lasting 10 years