Middle East Timeline (1750-2018)

Events

The Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1922

The Ottoman Empire was a Middle Eastern empire that was founded in 1299 C.E and dissolved 1922 C.E.

French Campaign in the Middle East

1798

Napoleon Bonaparte starts his campaign in the middle east in Egypt and Syria

Modernization in the Ottoman Empire

1828

The Ottoman Empire started to modernize in response to foreign influence.

Creation of the Combustion Engine

1862

The Internal Combustion Engine was created making a high demand for petroleum and oil, which fueled these engines.

The Suez Canal

1869

The Suez Canal is created, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. This allows inter-regional interactions to be conducted.

The British Occupy Cairo

1882

The British occupy Cairo and Egypt becomes a puppet government, controlled by the British.

The Partition of the Ottoman Empire

1918

British and French troops occupy parts of the Ottoman Empire.

The End of the Ottoman Empire

1922

The Ottoman Empire dissolved shortly after World War 1 .

Saudi-Yemeni War

1934

A war between Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

Persia becomes Iran

1935

Persia officially becomes the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Egyptian Revolution

1952

Egyptians overthrew the monarchy that was led by Farouk I.

Start of the Lebanese Civil War

1975

A civil war fought between Palestinians and Maronites that lasted from 1975 to 1990

9/11

2001

Members of Al-Qaeda attacked the United States.

Troops Exit Lebanon

2001

Israeli troops exit Lebanon

Iraq War

2003

Troops from the United States, United Kingdom, Poland, and Australia invaded Iraq.

Sa'dah War

2004

Zaida Shia Houthis attack Yemen. (Houthi insurgents vs. Yemeni Military)

Syrian Withdrawal from Lebanon

2005

Syrian troops leave Lebanon because of the Cedar Revolution after the assassination of Rafik Hariri

Lebanon War

2006

A short war (34 days) fought between the Hezbollah (Islamist armed group) and the Israeli Defense Forces.

Syrian Civil War

2010

A civil war (still fought) between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic and government-opposing forces.

ISIS

2014

ISIS starts to rise in Syria and Iraq. ISIS tries to overthrow the Syrian government.