Regarded the brain as the organ of consciousness, intellect and emotion.
Believed normal brain function (mental health) depended on a balance of 4 bodily fluids; blood, black bile, yellow bile, and phlegm
The Dark Ages
130 - 200
Church gain influence, return to belief of the supernatural
Persecution of Witches, Lunacy Trials
Municipal Authorities took over some activities of the church.
The crown became guardian of 'lunitic' estates.
Development of Assylums
Leprosy Hospitals were converted to asylums.
Bethlehem conditions were deplorable
Mesmer - mysticism
Treatment for 'hysteria'.
Primary figure in the movement for more humane treatment of people with psychiatric disorders. However people of lower class were still subjected to terror and coercion.
The Friends of Asylum established
Established to provide humane treatment, contact with attendents- became known as 'Moral Treatment Approach'.
Discovery of Biological Origins in General Paresis and Syphilis
Links noted between physiological and Psychological illnesses.
Charcot supports hypnotism as a worthy treatment for hysteria
Louis Pasteur -germ theory
1860 - 1870
established germ theory
Francis Galton - genetics/eugenics
1880 - 1890
genetic research with twin studies, 'nature vs nurture'.
Eugenics is the elimination of undesireable traits
Moral Treatment Abandonment
1880 - 1900
Hospitals became administered byphysicians, more interested in biological aspects of illness.
Breuer- Cathartic Method
Relief of earlier emotional trauma and release of emotional tension by expressing previously forgottenthoughts/memories
Cerletti and Bini -ECT
1910 - 1939
Electric shocks to the side of head could induce seizures.
Used on person with schitzophrenia in 1938.
Freud - psychoanalysis
unconscious conflict results in psychopathologial issues.
Psych = id, ego and superego.