Special Education

Events

Council for Education of Exceptional Children is Founded

1922

Started by an organized meeting at the Teacher’s College at Columbia University set up to discuss ways teachers could brainstorm and work together.

Cuyahoga Council for Retarted Citizens Founded

1933

A council set up in Ohio to help children who were not allowed to go to public school

National Association for Retarded Citizens is Founded

1950

A constitution was drawn up with the broad purposes to promote the welfare of mentally retarded persons of all ages and to prevent mental retardation

Brown v. Board of Education

1954

Found that segregation of schools was unlawful. Opened the doorway for other civil rights groups to demand fair and equal public education.

President John F. Kennedy created the President's Panel on Mental Retardation

1961

26 member panel appointed by President John F. Kennedy paved the way for federal funding for the research of mental retardation and new legislation involving mental retardation

Maternal and Child Health and Mental retardation Planning Amendment

1963

The first major legislation to combat mental illness and retardation. The amendment incorporated many of the panel's recommendations and provided planning grants to enable states to update their intellectual disabilities programs. It also increased funding for prevention through maternity and infant care

Elementary and Secondary Education Act

1965

President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the first federal grant program specifically for youth with disabilities

EAHCA Reauthorized

1968

Early intervention is added.

Mills v. Board of Education of District of Columbia

1972

Landmark case that declared schools could not turn away students using the excuse of lack of funds and resources.

PARC v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

1972

Was the first education lawsuit establishing the right for public education for mental retarded students which helped paved the way for the Mills v. Board of Education.

Congress enacted the Education for All Handicapped Children Act

1973

Requires that vocational education be provided for students with disabilities

Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act of 1973

1973

Provides for equal access to public facilities and protects individuals from discrimination due to their disability.

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

1974

Parents are allowed to have access to all personally identifiable information collected, maintained, or used by a school district regarding their child

Hendrick Hudson Central School District Board of Education v. Rowley

1982

Parents sought to add additional services to their child’s IEP and the Federal Court decided the school was providing a meaningful education and no additional services were needed.

Perkins Act

1984

The law states that individuals who are members of special populations (including individuals with disabilities) must be provided with equal access to recruitment, enrollment, and placement activities in vocational education

Burlington School Committee v. Department of Education

1985

Supreme Court ruled that reimbursement to attend private school was legal if the public school was not providing free and appropriate education.

The EAHCA is amended with the addition of the Handicapped Children's Protection Act

1986

This amendment makes clear that students and parents have rights under EAHCA (now IDEA) and Section 504

Technology-Related Assistance for Induvuduals with Disabilities Act

1988

This law provides funding to develop statewide, consumer-responsive information and training programs designed to meet the assistive technology needs of individuals with disabilities of all ages

Hong v. Doe

1988

Found that students with disabilities could not be excluded from school due to behavioral issues.

EHA was replaced by IDEA

1990

This amendment calls for many changes to the old law. One of the biggest was the addition of transition services for students with disabilities. School Districts were now required to look at outcomes and assisting students with disabilities in transitioning from high school to postsecondary life

Americans with Disabilities Act

1990

ADA adopts the Section 504 regulations as part of the ADA statute. In turn, numerous “504 Plans” for individual students start to become more common place in school districts

IDEA reauthorized

1997

Added developmentally delayed to the definition of disabled and required parents to work with LEA's to settle disagreements.

No Child Left Behind Act

2001

Set up procedures and standards for schools to close achievement gaps focusing on students who are disadvantaged such as special needs students. Assessments are done using state testing.

ESEA Revised

2002

Provides federal funding to Title 1 schools to purchase resource items such as library resources without the approval of government officials.

IDEA reauthorized again

2004

Aligns with NCLB.