Council for Education of Exceptional Children is Founded
Started by an organized meeting at the Teacher’s College at Columbia University set up to discuss ways teachers could brainstorm and work together.
Cuyahoga Council for Retarted Citizens Founded
A council set up in Ohio to help children who were not allowed to go to public school
National Association for Retarded Citizens is Founded
A constitution was drawn up with the broad purposes to promote the welfare of mentally retarded persons of all ages and to prevent mental retardation
Brown v. Board of Education
Found that segregation of schools was unlawful. Opened the doorway for other civil rights groups to demand fair and equal public education.
President John F. Kennedy created the President's Panel on Mental Retardation
26 member panel appointed by President John F. Kennedy paved the way for federal funding for the research of mental retardation and new legislation involving mental retardation
Maternal and Child Health and Mental retardation Planning Amendment
The first major legislation to combat mental illness and retardation. The amendment incorporated many of the panel's recommendations and provided planning grants to enable states to update their intellectual disabilities programs. It also increased funding for prevention through maternity and infant care
Elementary and Secondary Education Act
President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the first federal grant program specifically for youth with disabilities
Early intervention is added.
Mills v. Board of Education of District of Columbia
Landmark case that declared schools could not turn away students using the excuse of lack of funds and resources.
PARC v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Was the first education lawsuit establishing the right for public education for mental retarded students which helped paved the way for the Mills v. Board of Education.
Congress enacted the Education for All Handicapped Children Act
Requires that vocational education be provided for students with disabilities
Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Provides for equal access to public facilities and protects individuals from discrimination due to their disability.
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
Parents are allowed to have access to all personally identifiable information collected, maintained, or used by a school district regarding their child
Hendrick Hudson Central School District Board of Education v. Rowley
Parents sought to add additional services to their child’s IEP and the Federal Court decided the school was providing a meaningful education and no additional services were needed.
The law states that individuals who are members of special populations (including individuals with disabilities) must be provided with equal access to recruitment, enrollment, and placement activities in vocational education
Burlington School Committee v. Department of Education
Supreme Court ruled that reimbursement to attend private school was legal if the public school was not providing free and appropriate education.
The EAHCA is amended with the addition of the Handicapped Children's Protection Act
This amendment makes clear that students and parents have rights under EAHCA (now IDEA) and Section 504
Hong v. Doe
Found that students with disabilities could not be excluded from school due to behavioral issues.
Technology-Related Assistance for Induvuduals with Disabilities Act
This law provides funding to develop statewide, consumer-responsive information and training programs designed to meet the assistive technology needs of individuals with disabilities of all ages
Americans with Disabilities Act
ADA adopts the Section 504 regulations as part of the ADA statute. In turn, numerous “504 Plans” for individual students start to become more common place in school districts
EHA was replaced by IDEA
This amendment calls for many changes to the old law. One of the biggest was the addition of transition services for students with disabilities. School Districts were now required to look at outcomes and assisting students with disabilities in transitioning from high school to postsecondary life
Added developmentally delayed to the definition of disabled and required parents to work with LEA's to settle disagreements.
No Child Left Behind Act
Set up procedures and standards for schools to close achievement gaps focusing on students who are disadvantaged such as special needs students. Assessments are done using state testing.
Provides federal funding to Title 1 schools to purchase resource items such as library resources without the approval of government officials.