Pre 1800's Visual Culture


Teotihuacan from the Pyramid of the Moon

100 BC - 650 AD

Mexico, Teotihuacan culture

Temple of the Feathered Serpent


Teotihuacan, Mexico
Teotihuacan culture

House Synagogue

244 - 245

Tempura on plaster

Old St. Peter's Basilica

320 CE - 327

Rome, Italy

Santa Sabina

422 CE - 432 CE

Rome, Italy

The Good Shepherd

424 - 426

Ravenna, Italy

Church of Hagia Sophia

532 - 537

Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey)

Emperor Justinian and his Attendents

Approx. 547

San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy

Dome of the Rock

Approx. 691 CE

Jerusalem, Israel

The Great Mosque

836 - 875

Kairouan, Tunisia

Pyramid ("El Castillo") Chacmool in foreground

Approx. 900 - Approx. 1100

Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico
Maya Culture

Phoenix Hall

Approx. 1053 CE

Byodoin, Uji, Japan
Heian Period

Saint Sernin

1070 - 1120

Toulouse, France

Masjid-i Jami (Congregational Mosque)

Approx. 1100 - Approx. 1700

Isfahan, Iran

Travellers Among Mountains and Streams

Approx. 1100

Fan Kuan
Northern song dynasty
hanging scroll, Ink on silk, h: 2.06m

The Last Judgement

Approx. 1120 - Approx. 1130

or 1130-1145
Saint-lazare, Autun, Burgundy, France

Saint-Denis (ca. 1140-45 A.D.)

1140 - 1144

Paris, France

Flight into Egypt

Approx. 1140 - Approx. 1144

Stained and painted glass, 52x50cm

Jamb Statues

1145 - 1155

Royal Portal, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France

Chartres Cathedral

1190 - 1220

Chartres, France

Jamb Statues

1230 - 1250

Reims Cathedral, Reims, France

Sainte Chapelle, Paris

1239 - 1248

Paris, France

Virgin and Child Enthroned

Approx. 1280

Tempura and gold on wood

Twelve Views of Landscape

Approx. 1300

Xia Gui
Southern Song Dynasty
Handscroll, Ink on Silk extant portion, 28x230.5cm

The Lamentation

1305 - 1306

Scrovegni (Arena) Chapel, Padua, Italy

Trinity with the Virgin, St. John the evangelist, and donors

1425 - 1428

Santa Maria Novella
Florence, Italy

Merode Altarpiece

1425 - Approx. 1430

Robert Campin
Workshop of the master of Flemaille
oil on wood panel

The Tribute Money


Barnacci Chapel, Santa Maria Del Carmine, Florence Italy


1446 - Approx. 1460

Bronze, 1.58m

Palazzo Medici-Riccardi

Approx. 1446

Florence, Italy
Michelozzo di Bartolomeo

Machu Picchu

1450 - 1530


Yusuf Fleeing Zulayhka

Approx. 1488

Kamal al-Din Bihzad
Herat, Afghanistan
Ink and pigments on paper

The Last Supper

Approx. 1495

Leonardo Da Vinci
Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan Italy
Tempure and oil on plaster
4.6 x 8.8m

The Goddess Coatlicue

Approx. 1500

Basalt, h: 2.65m


1501 - 1504

Marble, 5.18m

Mona Lisa

1503 - 1506

Leonardo Da Vinci
Oil on wood panel

The Creation of Adam

1508 - 1512

Sistine Chapel Ceiling, Rome
Fresco, 2.8x5.7m

Philosophy (School of Athens)

1510 - 1511

Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican, Rome, Italy
Fresco, 5.79x8.24m

The Founding of Tenochitlan


Aztec, page from the Codex Mendoza
ink and colour on paper

Villa Rotunda (Villa Capra)

Approx. 1560

Andrea Palladio
Near Vicenza, Italy

The Calling of St. Matthew

1599 - 1600

Cantarelli Chapel, Church of San Luigi Fei Francesi, Rome, Italy
Oil on Canvas, 3.24x3.4m

Jahangir and Shah Abbas

Approx. 1605 - Approx. 1627

Mughal Period
Nadir al-Zaman (Abdu'l Hassan)
Gold and ink on paper


Approx. 1623

Gianlorenzo Bernini
Marble, H: 1.7m

Taj Mahal

1631 - 1648

Agra, India
Mughal Period

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane

1638 - 1667

Rome, Italy

St. Teresa of Avila in Ecstasy

1645 - 1652

Gianlorenzo Bernini
Carnaro Chapel, Santa Maria Della Vittoria, Rome, Italy
Marble, 3.5m tall

Las Meninas (The Maids of Honour)


Diego Valazquez, Oil on Canvas

The Triumph of the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned

1672 - 1685

Giovanni Battista Gaulli
Il Gesu, Rome, Italy

Jules Hardouin-Mansart

Approx. 1678

Hall of Mirrors, Palace of Versailles, France